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To comprehend, analyze and evaluate Russian foreign politics properly and

specialize in that area, many factors should be taken into consideration. To put these

factors into order: 1-) Russia’s topography, 2-) Russian National Identity, 3-)

Diplomacy phases of Russian Foreign Policy. These factors will partially provide us

with foresight towards the Russian foreign affairs in general terms. In this study,

Russian Foreign Policy will be overviewed and the results will try to be inferred. The

analysis of Russian Foreign Policy will be discussed in four different sections: ( a)

1801- 1855 b) 1855 – 1917 c) 1917 - 1945 d) 1945 – 2000 ).

1-) Russia’s Topography

If Russia and Russian People are the topics to be discussed, it is a must to take

geopolitical, political and identity structure into consideration firstly. Accepted as

Russia’s core and center, East Europe has three main features: infertile soils, the lack

of natural hampers and big river networks. Infertile soil and unhampered territories

prevented coming along of a society that can resist against invades of nomads for a

long time. At the same time, when technological developments created an

environment that is appropriate for feeding an army that is strong enough to resist

against the incoming attacks, the disadvantages of geographical structures became an

advantage. It wasn’t a coincidence that rising state’s center situated on the middle of

those river networks (Moscow). Despite the fact that it is not true that unhampered

and wide territories’ creating self-expanding society, these features indubitably have

significant effects on Russian History. Besides Russian Czar’s struggling for

widening their territories cause...

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...an Empire declared war against. Within one year,

Russian troops were nearing Istanbul, and the Ottomans surrendered accordingly.

Ottomans signed the Treaty of San Stefano in March 1878, creating an enlarged,

independent Bulgaria that stretched into the southwestern Balkans. When Britain

threatened to declare war over the terms of the Treaty of San Stefano, an exhausted

Russia backed down. At the Congress of Berlin in July 1878, Russia agreed to the

creation of a smaller Bulgaria. Russian nationalists were furious with Austria-

Hungary and Germany for failing to back Russia, but the tsar accepted a revived and

strengthened League of the Three Emperors as well as Austro-Hungarian hegemony

in the western Balkans. After western policies, Russia started to implement its plants

towards Asia, which I am going to try to explain in the next title.
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