The Extent to Which the First World War Contributed to the Fall of Czardom in Russia Since the 1905 Revolution, the Czardom continued to decline. The insincerity of the Czar, setting up of Dumas, the rise of revolutionary group and so on had created an explosive situation in Russia. In 1914, Czar Nicolas II decided to enter the First World War in order to rise the prestige and gain support from people, however, it was the fatal mistake ever made by the royal family which acted as a catalyst for the February Revolution. Though at the beginning, the Russian seemed to support to enter the war, military defeats the government's incompetence soon soured much of the population. Maladministration and ineffective economic policies hurt the country financially, logistically and militarily.
Nicholas II removed his second cousin as supreme commander of the army and took control himself in late 1915. Things went no better for the Tsar, however. He was held responsible for the ongoing defeats and lost what popular support he had. In March, 1917, he abdicated as Tsar, and a new provisional government was formed. When the new minister of war (Kerensky) announced a major offensive, the response was negative among both the civilian and military populations.
The Fall of Tsarism in Russia (I) “Autocracy is an outdated form of government not suited to twentieth century Russia.” By Count Leo Tolstoy. (II) “Without war Tsarist Russia would have survived and prospered.” By V.N.Kokovstov. The fall of Nicholas II and Tsarism was the occurrence of the Revolution of March 17th. The revolution was sparked off by the pressures of war although it had its roots in the failure of the Tsarist regime to modernise itself. Russia was in a state in which the people enjoyed very little political freedom, and in which industrialization had only just commenced.
It was ultimately however the loss of military discipline and loyalty in Petrograd, coupled with liberals' decisions and autocratic choice, which caused the regime to fall, not as a result of previous unrest, but a fear of what rebellion may be still to come. This fear was what dictated the nature of the revolution. It was this combination of long and short - term factors that caused the Russian autocracy to fall. It is pertinent to tackle this issue in a chronological form, beginning in 1915 / '16. One must however bear in mind that unrest in Petrograd, almost irrespective of the rest of Russia, was enough to cause the collapse of autocracy.
Lenin managed to end the war that had for so long depressed Russia's resources and morale. He succeeded in focusing on the severe internal problems of the new government, and in “ saving the socialist republic” . One of the largest problems that Russia faced prior to the October Revolution was finally ended, though its effects were still to be felt. Almost immediately afterwards, in 1918, Civil War begins. The battling White Army divided amongst different leader...
The war caused many economical, political and social problems in the front and in Russia at home. The army was unprepared so suffered a lot of defeats, which in turn led to low morale in the army; in February 1917 there were already 6 million dead soldiers and 4.2 million seriously wounded. The numerous deaths among officers led to the promotion of many middle class people who were not very loyal to the Tsar or experienced.
Nicholas Romanov form 1st November 1894 to 2nd March 1917. During his reign Imperial Army of Russia saw many losses for example the Russo-Japanese war which brought many great defeats. In June 1914 when Austrian Archduke was murdered starting the chain of events that led to WWI, the murderer was found to be Siberian therefore Austria declared war on Siberia. Nicholas felt compelled to protect the people of Siberia and went into war. In 1915 Nicholas decided that he would personally lead the Russian army but it was a large mistake as the ill-prepared Russian army was no match for the Germans.
In November of 1917 a radical Marxist called the Bolsheviks seized power in Russia overthrowing a democratic government. The United States strongly opposed the Bolshevik regime. The United States was angry that the Bolsheviks pulled Russia out of the War against Germany (WW I), and that it intended to spread its revolution to other countries. (5) During World Wa... ... middle of paper ... ... came quickly. After signing the charter, president George Busch for a happy, but tired world when he said, without fanfare: “We have closed a chapter in history, the Cold War is Over.” (33) On level the Cold War had some clear winners.
Historical/Cultural Context of Animal Farm The Russian Revolution: In 1917, two revolutions were involved in Russia, which terminated centuries of imperial ruling. The Russian revolution was made up of two revolutions, which the first one was in February, and the second one was in October.These revolutions started political, and social changes that lead to the creation of the Soviet Union. By March of 1917, Russia who became civil turned into turmoil, which caused constant food shortages.This turned into a revolt against Czar.By the year of 1917 lots of Russian citizens lost faith in their leader Czar Nicholas II. The citizens lost faith in Czar’s leadership due to the governments corruption, Russia’s economy, and Czar constantly affecting the success of the Duma ( the Russian legislative assembly established by Czar Nicholas II in 1905) .This impacted Russia in a disastrous way, which caused Czar Nicholas II to be overthrown.A few months later after Czar was overthrown, the new provisional government was overthrown by Bolsheviks. The first appearance of the Russian Revolution was in February 1917, due to the destructive involvement in World War I.
This would have made the nobles unhappy and the peasants and workers who took up the vast ... ... middle of paper ... ... workers as they were still being paid. Because of the war the Duma was dissolved in 1915 which meant that the people would have no say in what was going the happen in the war. Becaus Nicholas took over the army he was solely to blame for the massive defeats. While he was on the front his wife was under the influence of Rasputin, to which nobody liked. The war alienated the government from its supporters.