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Introduction: In the study of biology, the early stages of plant development are critical to understand. Ecologically, plants are a fundamental part of the energy flow and food web. Agriculturally, plant growth holds many economic and social implications. The very beginning of plant growth is known as the process of germination. Germination, or the development of an embryonic plant contained within the confines of a seed, is a critical stage of plant growth that occurs after dormancy under the right conditions (Quinlivan, 2013). A seed of a vascular plant is a small package that contains an embryo and stores food reserves. All of this is wrapped in a protective seed coat. Sometimes, plants produce seeds that do not contain embryos. These never germinate, and are known as empty seeds (Quinlivan, 2013). After dormancy, water is needed to facilitate inhibition, or the uptake of water to cause swelling and break the seed coat. Hydrolytic enzymes then utilize the food supplies in encased within the seed to supply metabolically useful chemicals. The embryotic tissue begins to resume growth to form the radicle, hypocotyl, and cotyledons. Germination ends when the plant is able to facilitate the process of photosynthesis (Quinlivan, 2013). In a never ending struggle to perfect the delicate balance of the plant life cycle, substances can be moderated experimentally to determine if a substance, or a certain degree of a substance, is beneficial or detrimental to the germination of a plant. This lab sought to expose the effects of varying concentrations of folic acid (0.0096%, 0.0192%, and 0.0288%) on the process of germination. However, before analyzing the possible effects that folic acid can have on the process of germination, it is crit... ... middle of paper ... ...wth than the control. This may be due to the fact that folic acid serves as a coenzyme for the biosynthesis of critical nucleotides, which is especially relevant in the leaf of the plant. The results show that the addition of folic acid may have a more beneficiary effect in later stages of germination and plant development. The experiment could be altered to encompass a greater length of time, or to include solutions with greater concentrations of folic acid. This might produce results in keeping with the initial hypothesis. In life, it is critical to be able to access what factors allow for the success of a plant. Sometimes, certain factors are inhibitory to the growth of the plant, while others are extremely beneficial. Agriculturally and ecologically, this experiment strove to show that these factors need to be tested to a greater degree.

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