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The Environmentalists, however, also have evidence supporting their side. They first attack the ranchers’ claim of wolf depredation of livestock by claiming that the cost to ranchers is virtually zero. Environmentalists are right in that the wolf kill a very small percentage of the farmer’s livestock. In 2009, 97 cattle were killed in the state of Montana. Government statistics show that 2.6 million live in Montana, meaning only a miniscule %.004 of cattle was killed. In fact, the number of killed livestock has actually decreased since the wolves were reintroduced because the animals the wolves kill they make up for in animals saved from coyotes. Previously, coyotes had been the primary predator of the domestic animals and wolves hold this population in check, saving much more livestock than they have killed. There has also never been one documented wolf attack on humans, so there is no reason to worry about the danger to humans.
Ranchers have the ability to prevent such livestock depredations, but do not realize it. Several farmers have been able to successfully prevent problems by employing clean ranching practices. If ranchers simply dispose of placentas during birthing season or place pregnant livestock in place where they can be observed, they can lower the number of livestock depredations significantly. Simpler than that, ranchers can put up a fence around their livestock that keeps the wolves from entering.
Although wolves are often seen as killers, they have actually given life to many species of both animals and plants since they have been reintroduced and play a vital role in the ecosystem of the Northern Rockies. In an ecosystem, every living and nonliving thing interact with each other and depend on eac...

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...s were killed in the two states. This proves that state governments cannot be trusted to take on the full responsibility of the wolves, or the wolf population will fall to numbers similar to those before the reintroduction. There needs to be some sort of protection over wolves, whether it is at the state of federal level, that prevents states from holding open hunting seasons. For example, a rule can be made that wolves can only be hunted when they put in danger the lives of either livestock or humans. Outside times of self defense, it should still be illegal to hunt wolves as it was under the Endangered Species Act. If the wolves don’t present any threat to livestock, there shouldn’t be any reason to kill them. This is the perfect balance between hunting wolves and preservation that satisfies both the complaints of ranchers and desires of environmentalists.
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