Most of these children come from rural areas, where there is little protection. Shortly after the rights of children were acknowledged, the Coalition to Stop the Use of Child Soldiering began the attempt to free these child captive... ... middle of paper ... ...loited in paramilitary forces, an organization operating as or in place of a regular military force. These young soldiers have increased tremendously over time. The types of jobs these children are forced to endure are devastating. The lasting effects these children have as a result of their experiences, both visually and participating in, are overwhelming and disturbing.
Child soldier is a worldwide issue, but it became most critical in the Africa. Child soldiers are any children under the age of 18 who are recruited by some rebel groups and used as fighters, cooks, messengers, human shields and suicide bombers, some of them even under the aged 10 when they are forced to serve. Physically vulnerable and easily intimidated, children typically make obedient soldiers. Most of them are abducted or recruited by force, and often compelled to follow orders under threat of death. As society breaks down during conflict, leaving children no access to school, driving them from their homes, or separating them from family members, many children feel that rebel groups become their best chance for survival.
Finally, it has been said by many people that child soldiers are exact replicas of child criminals. For example, “Child soldiers are no different from child criminals. Child soldiers have been responsible for some of the most brutal and violent acts in wartime. In Sierra Leone child soldiers committed acts of rape, mutilation and mass killings of civilians” (INSERT author). To reinforce what was said before, these kids had no control over what they were doing!
Africa is the most common place for the use of child soldier. Children between the ages 10 to 18 have been abducted by armed groups and forced to fight for them. Over 250000 Child soldiers that were separated from their families have been recorded apart from the ones who have still yet to be found. The Children are used for combat, messengers, support tasks and even for landmine detection which is very cruel. The female kids they capture are used as sex slaves for money.
Many people seem to question why Joseph Kony targeted children to fight in his rebel army. Most of Kony’s child soldiers were young boys between the ages of 7 and 16 years of age (Boyden, p. 133). Joseph Kony seemed to have had the idea that children were... ... middle of paper ... ... terrible things. One could only imagine the things that innocent children are forced to do on a daily basis. Unthoughtful murders, unwanted diseases, terminal illness, separation of families and a total loss of the minds are all the things that children of rebel groups encounter every day.
In the past, up to 90% of soldiers consisted of adult men, whereas today up to 80% of soldiers are children and women. This global issue takes place in countries such as Colombia, Uganda, Ethiopia, Sudan, Somalia, Liberia, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and many more. In Uganda, children are being forced to kill instead of enjoying a normal childhood of laughter and dreams, and normal day to day lives. This disruption of innocent childhoods is really affecting children in many areas of the world. A student at Mamaroneck High School should care about child soldiers because it is a violation of basic human rights and all people, especially children, deserve to have a life free from violence.
The LRA is infamous for evident human rights violations, including abduction, murder, mutilation, sexual enslavement of young children, and child soldiering. Another group well know for using children as soldiers is the Revolutionary United Front. This particular rebel group made has made great use of child soldiers by using horrific methods to harden their new recruits into dangerous weapons. Since the LRA began in the 1980s, over thirty-thousand have been abducted and forced to serve as child soldiers or as wives of the older rebels; however, these numbers are growing rapidly with over ten thousand children abducted in the last eighteen months alone.
Many poverty-stricken parents would batter their children- breaking their legs or gouging out an eye- so that the children would drive pity out of others while being forced to beg on the streets, during nineteenth century times. Because people during the nineteenth century believed that parents had the right to discipline and raise their child in ways that they saw fit; also, based off of the naïve mindset that a parent could never hurt their beloved child, very few legal actions were made to stop physical child abuse. Due to advances in common law du... ... middle of paper ... ...n continuously. The American Humane Association reports about 899,000 children as victims of abuse each year in America; according to the studies performed eighteen percent of those children are victims of physical abuse (Schuite 1). There is one name for that eighteen percent: physical abuse, but when looked at and broken down many different types of physical abuse have been found to be more detrimental or harming than others.
“Since the mid-1990s, the world has watched in horror as hundreds of thousands of children and young teenagers have participated in nearly 50 wars, mostly in Africa” (Felton 1). People may be forced to commit a wrongdoing, but that does not mean he will immediately be accepted back into society. Ishmael Beah was a child soldier in the Sierra Leone Army and committed multiple atrocities. He was just a child, but he was symbol of fear in Africa. One girl who encountered a boy like Beah was Mariatu Kamara, who had her hands cut off by aggressive, drugged boys in their middle teens.
Countries all over the world have turned to children to fight their battles for them, internationally we must enforce the current laws in place and educate the children exposed to the possibility of becoming one of the many, child soldiers. The children not much bigger than their AK-47s, are getting handed the worst of these wars (McKelvey 2). Thousands of adolescents are getting raped and forced into slaughtering people and tearing apart town after town and at some point are no longer seen as children but as threats (McKelvey 3). People often believe that the child soldiers are practically all boys, but the Human Rights Watch suggests “In the countries such as Uganda, Sierra Leone and Colombia, up to one-third of the child soldiers are girls,”(McKelvey 1). To these girls the o... ... middle of paper ... ...education is so important, in how they do not feel like they have any other possibilities or are not educated enough to realize the possible consequences of joining the armed forces, education can help them gain opportunities with the common work force, gain them the intelligence of knowing to not get involved with military forces at a young age.