raerae

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I. Introduction Organ donation is the donation of a person’s organ or tissue from their own body, while they are alive or posthumous, to another person in need of a transplant. The tissue or organ is removed surgically and due to the genetic match and recipient’s need, they receive the organ. The issues that surrounds organ donation in the United States are the shortages of organs for transplants and the increase in demand for organs. In addition, the waitlist for these organs is are getting longer while no action is being taken to resolve the issue. As of June 21, 2013, there are 118,617 people waiting for life-saving organ transplants in the United States, however the system for donation in the United States is different from many other places around the world. The current system is considered altruistic, which is when a person shows a disinterested and selfless concern for the well-being of others and donates their organs. This means that it is up to the donors to give up their organs if they want to or not, for nothing but their good will. The crisis in the United States is growing fast because there are only around 30,000 transplants done in a year, and around 6,000 people a year die from not getting a transplant and that number is growing (The Need is Real). The issues of organ donation can be moral but there are also economic issues that surround it. The rationing of organ transplants is unavoidable; however, the system to allocate organs has to be fair. When the decision is made of who will get an organ, economic considerations affect who gets on the waiting list and who actually gets the organs, which is not fair. In economic terms, the supply of organs is very low in regards to the demand, so there needs to be a way ... ... middle of paper ... ...ver, issues like crowding out altruism, the high costs, and the burden and coercion on the poor could occur. The other way that the United States could fix the issue of organ donation would be with presumed consent. Many European countries have laws that allow this idea to occur, and the donation rates in Europe are around 25% higher than in the United States. The main barrier standing between this law in the United States is that the patient essentially loses his autonomy, along with possible Fifth Amendment breaching. Therefore, for this type of organ donation to occur there would have to be a strong public backing and an acceptance to change societal norms to accommodate such a law (Abouna). Therefore, to answer the question of how to solve the issue of organ donation in the United States, one can say that it is with presumed consent and financial compensation.

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