The Industrial Revolution and the Life in Urban Society The Industrial Revolution began in the late eighteen and nineteenth centuries due to a rapid emergence of modern industrial production that changed society significantly. Goods that were produced in homes and small family businesses began to be produced in large industrial factories. As a result of this, productivity and efficiency increased dramatically, which caused a significant shift in the present economy. The Industrial Revolution led to the growth of cities as people moved from rural areas to the city in order to find work. Karl Marx believed that the changes brought on by the Industrial Revolution overturned not only the traditional economies, but also society in general.
(beers, p.81) The rise of labor unions, gains for workers, and improving city life was a huge part of the industrial revolution. The associations for workers later developed into labor unions. The government saw labor unions as dangerous organizations. The industrial revolution spread to America, france, Germany, Belgium, and western Europe in the 19th century from great Britain. The cities then started to grow rapidly over a short period of time due to all the factories opening up in these big cities.
Jacob Riis and Urban Reform At the turn of the twentieth century, the United States went through a series of major changes known as Industrialization and Urbanization. These developments had a major impact on American life, especially in newly urbanized cities such as New York and Chicago. Americans moved very rapidly from agriculture to machinery, and big businesses boomed, as well as the pockets of a select few. However, along with this change, unprecedented consequences faced thousands of unfortunate Americans who lived in these inner cities but did not get the chance to share in the profits of the country’s economic growth. As other Americans grew extremely rich due to their successful business and investments, the poor in America only grew poorer.
The Gilded Age served an enormously critical role in shaping the American economy throughout the 18th and 19th centuries. Manufacturing needs from the Civil War, advances in science and technology shifted the American economy into industrialization. Cities quickly became flooded with immigrants and workers from every corner of the country, creating a pool of cheap labor. Railways expanded massively, connecting the nation’s major cities and generating a nationwide marketplace for business to compete. A combination of industrialization, technology, and urbanization transformed the standard of living.
Urban Population, Megacities, and Motivation The social phenomenon of urbanization and emergence of megacities in the world’s inhabitation pattern is proved to be an effect that co-exists with human. The biggest launch of the early centuries was caused by the Industrial Revolution and in the latest years, Globalization, established a new basis to the issue. It has been observed to have had a most rapid growing rate in the 20th century due to mainly internal migration of native people from rural areas to cities, that in combination with the global growing birth rate and technology revolution has brought this effect to the proscenium of more economically developed countries and developing countries of the world. As a result of this, several “megacities” have been created with population over 10 million people. Urbanization has raised a series of major problems in energy supply, homelessness, pollution and destruction of natural habitats, high concentration of population and crime.
This coincided with a tremendous growth of urban population. America was shifting from a farming civilization to a big business society. Also there was mass immigration into the United States and many men and women settled in cities. For example, cities such as New York, Boston, and Philadelphia underwent rapid social and economic change in this time period. Because of the pace of this change, the policing system could not keep maintain order.
Little did they know, that their lives were about to change dramatically and continue changing for the next generations to come. Urbanization is the movement of people to city areas. There are many reasons why urbanization occurred on a large-scale during the industrial revolution. The first, and most obvious cause is the high demand for workers in the cities to run the newly emerging factories. People thought that they would make more money working in the factories than working on their farms.
This all helped to accelerate t... ... middle of paper ... ... growth and a lot of pollution as the world transformed into an Industrial driven economy. People re-located to the cities which was followed by heavier demands for city life and city products and more and more manufacturing took on the heavy toll of this huge demand. Like all times of huge change problems happened and the world reacted to the problems and challenges of the time. Now most industrial pollution is slowly being addressed by local governments and nations but newer and more harmful pollution is still a worldwide problem that must not be forgotten. Works Cited Webster, B.
Nineteenth Century Industrialization in the United States During the second half of the nineteenth century, the United States experienced an urban revolution unparalleled in world history up to that point in time. As factories, mines, and mills sprouted out across the map, cities grew up around them. The late nineteenth century, declared an economist in 1889, was “not only the age of cities, but the age of great cities.” Between 1860 and 1910, the urban population grew from 6 million to 44 million. The United States was rapidly losing its rural roots. By 1920, more than half of the population lived in urban areas.
The Revolution led people away from the rural farm life to the mass production of the urban scene. Workers were needed in booming industries such as cotton, iron production, and coal mining. As a result, people flocked to the cities to meet the need. These industries were controlled by the bourgeoisie, the wealthy upper class. They wanted to take advantage of the new technology and the intense demand for new products, which translated into money.