In primates such as chimpanzees it is imperative to look at their culture to understand their intelligence. Culture in this circumstance means a specific set of behaviors obtained through learning in a population/species. Chimpanzee’s intelligence is quite unique how they interact with their environment and use it to their benefit just like humans. They have the ability to overcome the obstacles of everyday life through learning and the ability to use tools to create a better quality of life. The complexity of their intellect is different from any other animal ever seen.
And so in looking for the mind in other animals we will be looking toward science, reasonably. ‘Human intelligence seems to be composed of a number of correlated and cooperating neural functions, many of them already present in other primates, su... ... middle of paper ... ... become a very reliable thing. What is self- evident is not necessarily true, but what is scientifically proven generally is. Humans are aware that other humans have minds because we can share these experiences. The difficulty with validating whether animals have minds is that we cannot share experiences with animals, communication is difficult.
Primates are considered to be one of the most interesting mammals on earth to study due to their numerous similarities with humans and their complexities in life. Today we look at primates as our closest relatives, meaning that observations and research will not only give us information about non-human primates, but human primates as well. There were many primates to choose from, though I decided to observe two types of primates, the Western Lowland Gorilla, and the Tufted Capuchin Monkey. Both species of primates were observed at the San Diego Zoo. With my research, I will collect data from my observations, give background information from credible sources, and explain the interactions I encountered while observing the two different primates.
Whether it be for a class field trip or a leisurely activity, most of us have been to the zoo, and most certainly have seen the apes and monkeys. It seems as though us humans are drawn to the primate section of the zoo, but why? Is it because they don 't exist ubiquitously throughout the world, or is it simply that we love to see some swing through the trees while others pound their chest? While both of these may play a role, one must realize that species tend to gravitate towards other species of similarity. In terms of humans, we interact with each other far more than any other species, and we do so for many reasons, which raises the questions of how and why?
Although there are many breeds of lemurs and more still being discovered, they are mostly all found and living in one particular island, and have different characteristics and behaviors than some other animals, they are still considered to be a primate because of their wonderful amazing features. Lemurs are known as prosimians. The meaning of prosimians is that they are considered to be a pre-primate (Darling 8). In other words, they were one of the first primates to be discovered and that they came before monkeys. Prosimians also means that lemurs are considered to have characteristics that are more primitive than those of monkeys and apes.
Are Apes Capable Of Using The Language? Scientists have shown that such mammals as chimpanzees, gorillas, and orangutans are capable of learning and using ASL (American Sign Language) and several artificial languages like, for example, «Yerkish.» However, there is a controversy in how far that ability of great apes spans. There are two different groups of researchers, experimenting with language and apes, those who are in favor of a «traditional» approach, and those who prefer a new, «modern» one. Most debates among them are about the questions: Can great apes meaningfully relate words? Can apes create sentences?
Gorillas have exceptional communication skills. In this case communication is not referring to gorilla-to-gorilla communication, but gorilla-to-human conversation and vice versa. Gorillas have the capability to learn and practice sign language at a very young age, much like humans. Gorillas of the past have not only learned up to two-thousand signs, but have also been able to use the signs to have complex back-and-forth conversations and formulate in depth questions ("History & Milestones,", 2016). "Great apes have [language] skills that are similar to small children," Thomas Breuer, an ape researcher with the Wildlife Conservation Society in the Republic of the Congo, said ("How Smart Are Planet 's Apes?
According to the Microsoft Encarta Encyclopedia ’98, the fossil evidence for direct ancestors of modern humans is divided into the category Australopithecus and Homo, and begins about 5 million years ago (See figure 1). Between 7 and 20 million years ago, primitive apelike animals were widely distributed on the African and, later, on the Eurasian continents (See figure 2). Although many fossil bones and teeth have been found, the way of life of these creatures, and their evolutionary relationships to the living apes and humans, remain matters of active discussion among scientists. The evidence for human evolution begins with the australopithecines. All the australopithecines were bipedal and therefore possible hominines.
This behavior not only displays culture amongst the macaque monkeys, it also shows that they have the cognitive a... ... middle of paper ... ... the gorillas are taken away from their family and are living in captivity. It is still important to study primates in-depth, and a solution to the ethical issues may be to breed primates within the conservatory. Works Cited Boesch, C. (2003). Is culture a golden barrier between human and chimpanzee? Evolutionary Anthropology, 12(2), 82-91.
Overall I enjoyed the trip to Lowry Park Zoo to watch the Primates of the Prosimian, Old World Monkeys, and the Apes. I was able to compare and contrast their anatomy, locomotion, and behavior to get a better understanding of how morphology benefited their lifestyles. Time has played a huge factor in the family of primates and us and has shaped us to adapt to our environments and survive thus far.