The Japanese pulled a surprise attack on the U.S. on December 7, 1941 at 7:50 A.M. during the beginning of World War II. On November 26 a powerful Japanese task force, under the command of vice Admiral Chuichi Nagumo, left the Kuril Islands; on December 2 it received a coded message issuing the attack order. The undetected Japanese force arrived off the Hawaiian Islands on the morning of December 7. In two successive waves more than 350 Japanese bombers, torpedo planes, and fighters struck. More than 75 U.S. warships(including battleships, cruisers, destroyers, submarines, and auxiliaries) were based at this "Gibraltar of the Pacific."
Only 29 aircraft out the 353 that were used in the attack by the Japanese were lost. On December 8 President Roosevelt addressed the Congress and called December 7 "a date which will live in infamy". Congress then declared war on Japan. The following is a time line of events which took place on that memorable Day, the beginning of WW II: 3:42 am - Personnel of the minesweeper Condor spot a periscope in the water while patrolling off the entrance to Pearl Harbor. They send a message to the destroyer Ward by blinking light.
The Battle of Midway On June 3rd, 1942, the United States declared war on Imperialistic Japan and Nazi Germany. Due to the bombing of the United States' naval base at Pearl Harbor by the Japanese the U.S. was forced to take action. The United States began their first naval battle near the Midway islands in defense of its pacific fleet and positioning. Midway was the Japanese' last goal for its western expansion in the Pacific. Just after midnight on June 4th,1942, the United States attacked a fleet of Japanese transport ships.
The Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor, Hawaii at about 7:50 in the mourning. This brought America into the war and the Manhattan Project was on its way. The Manhattan Project included the designing and construction of the atomic bomb, and the execution of dropping the bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. There were three major research and production sites for the project. The first was Los Alamos, near Alamogordo, New Mexico.
During World War II, the island was chosen by the United States as a South Pacific military supply, oil depot, airstrip, and seaplane base in response to the attack on Pearl Harbor in December 1941. Unfortunately the base was closed on June 2, 1946, leaving the airstrip as French Polynesia’s only international airport until 1960 when Faa’a International Airport was opened in Papeete, Tahiti. During that year of 1946, Polynesia and the islands of the Society Archipelago became an overseas territory of France and later in 1958 officially became French Polynesia. The island is not only surrounded by the blue lagoon but along with the garden of coral reef in the sea, therefore, today Bora Bora relies heavily on tourisms. What to Tour: Touring in Bora Bora, water activities are the most popular along with sight-seeing.
A Day of Infamy On December 7, 1941, the Japanese, under Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto, prepared for an attack. It was a Sunday morning at the Pearl Harbor Naval Base. The US Pacific Naval fleet was stationed in Oahu, Hawaii. Among the many ships in the fleet were eight American Battleships. This was all but one of the Battleships that were in the US Pacific Fleet at the time.
On June 4th, 1942, six months after the attack on Pearl Harbor, and one month after the battle of the coral sea, the Japanese navy attacked the island of Midway. The Battle of Midway was the most significant naval war in history and was a turning point of World War II, as it was a U.S victory and previous to the battle of midway the Japanese had not lost a battle at sea, placing the U.S. in a position to reduce the Japanese Empire. After the attack on Pearl Harbor, America was left drastically defeated and wounded, entering the U.S. into full time war mode. To support the war efforts, the American economy shifted into a war economy, taxes were being raised, and industries began to produce for their military forces. Pearl Harbor was a very important stepping stone to the U.S. victory at the battle of Midway, sending a wake-up call the Americans
This battleship displayed the flag of the United States, representing fifteen states. At first, the frigate was used for commerce before Commodore Truxtun charged it for the upcoming war. During the Quasi-war, the USS Constellation of 1797 took its first battle mission to attack the French pirates in the Caribbean Sea. From this time, this ship was able to surrender the L’Insurgente frigate in 1799. The La Vengeance ship challenged it in return, so the American schooner shot down this ship in the year, 1800.
When the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, America was at last forced to officially enter World War II. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt officially declared war on the Japanese and in his famous radio address to the American people, he professed that December 7 was a day that would live in infamy. Americans and Japanese alike, still remember Pearl Harbor Day, but how many remember the gallant, fighting Marines who served on a tiny atoll in the Pacific by the name of Wake Island? Prior to the war, Wake Island, located 2300 miles west of Honolulu, was an unincorporated territory of the United States, which was placed under the jurisdiction of the Navy in 1934. It was also a Clipper stop on Pan American Airlines’ famed Trans-Pacific run, and in 1939, the U.S. Navy began construction of an air and submarine base, which was half completed at the time of the attack.
Japanese air base threaten Australia and supported plans for future expansion, trying to help Australia get out of the war and exchange the strategic defense of Japan's oceanic empire. In the spring of 1942, the Japanese had great gains in the Far East. The conquest of the Philippines, Burma, Malaya, and Dutch East Indies had cost the Japanese Navy 23 warships. Also, 67 transportation ships had also been lost. The naval command had expected a greater loss.