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Good Essays
Emmanuel Kant's Critique of Pure Reason subtly connects the nature of space and time. His theory was influenced much from Gottfried Leibniz who claimed that “space and time were not substances at all, but only relations between bodies; they are fictions created by the mind based on relations between objects.” Kant rejects both views and, instead, tries to carve out an intermediate position. Kant believes that the representations of space and time are priori preconditions of experience rather than empirical concepts arising out of experience. He also places space and time in the context of intuitions.
For Kant, intuition can mean sense content but can also mean something of the imagination. Kant relies on this intuition and tries to find the structures of spatiality itself. This first resolves in a deadlock asking the question, “what is space?” Two opposing theories he transcends are theories from both Newton and Leibniz. For Newton, time and space are real and absolute. This means that if there are no objects, there is still space. Leibniz believes time and space are ideal and relative and spatiality itself does not override the ‘monads’. Kant wants to take the stance that space is ideal and absolute. For Kant, space is transcendental. It is not a property of the thing itself but its transcendental form that some objectivity is given. For Leibnitz, absoluteness is relative.
If it were true that spatiality was tied into the relation between things, then you would lose the validity of the geometrical truths like Kant’s concept of how a straight line is the shortest distance between point A and point B. Thus Kant transcends his theory of space with time rejecting both Newton’s and Leibniz’s conclusions of time and space...

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...nster in our closet as a child is merely a shadow that may look suspicious to us. If time cannot exist outside the mind, does it mean it is dependent of the mind?
In Emmanuel Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason, Kant proposes that our intuition gives us time and space that serves as a framework of how we perceive and process the outer world. How can we get our intuitions of space from experience of the external world if those intuitions are necessary to experience the external world at all? We cant, we must get our foundational intuitions of space from the act of the mind itself. The mind is not a blank slate and space and time are built into our spectacles. Since we can’t take off these spectacles, we will never be able to know whether space and time are ultimately real.
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