This created fear amongst European countries as England was ruled all under one ruler. The Council of Trent was outwardly Machiavellian by being prepared for the Protestant Reformation and maintaining its political gain. With rewriting the Church doctrine the Council answered the Protestant’s criticism which led to the Vatican having more power of Europe. Overall, Machiavelli had an important impact to the way government was seen in the 16th and 17th century till today where his concepts apply to the modern day government.
Henry VIII separated the Church of England from the Roman Catholic Church for selfish reasons. Henry, frustrated by the delays and excuses he received from Pope Clement VII, declared himself the “proctor and supreme head” of the Church of England. This effectively split the Church of England from the Catholic Church. Henry could now affect an annulment to his marriage to Catharine of Aragon. Although the Church England was no longer in compliance with the Roman Catholic Church, it nevertheless, remained Roman Catholic in looks and feel.
They lied and cheated for money. Of course Luther did not write this and then march into Rome with it demanding change, they were only... ... middle of paper ... ...d, I find that they have done nothing of special importance.” It seems to me that at the point when Luther wrote Address to the Christian Nobility of the German Nation, he knew that the Church was out to get him and he was, in a way, rallying for supporters. He was pointing out that the pope cannot do much harm if they come together and stand against him. But will this work? Can the Catholic Church be defeated?
Martin Luther begins this text by explaining his disagreement between the pope and himself. He wrote this to explain his debate on why the papacy has lost their way and to explain what he believed the r... ... middle of paper ... ... Reformation and was lead by Martin Luther, who initially just wrote a theses which he exposed some of the Church’s corruption. Martin Luther’s writing, Against Catholicism was a great catalyst for the Reformation, and a complete change of Europe, which is still evident today in our economic methods and the followings of the Protestant faith. The Counter Reformation was lead by St. Ignatius who headed the Jesuit order of Catholicism. St. Ignatius was trying to restore the Catholic faith and to lead the Catholic people and church back on the right path.
Luther broke the unity of the Catholic Church forever by exposing their faults and misguided notions. Lutheranism spread quickly due to the availability of the Christian Faith, as well as the close relationship between religion and the state. Luther believed that the Christian Faith was being exploited. The leaders of the Roman church were abusing their monopoly over their Christian followers for their benefit. Luther wrote The Ninety-Five Theses in response to the sale of indulgences by the Pope.
The Protestant Reformation was begun by Martin Luther, a German monk and Catholic friar. He preached primarily against the sales of indulgences in the town of Wittenberg. Indulgences were certificates issued by the Church that were said to reduce or even cancel punishment for a person’s sin as long as one also truly repented. People purchased indulgences believing that the document would assure them admission to heaven. Luther knew that the Catholic Church was distorted; he believed that the sale of indulgences, in particular, was the major source of corruption.
It is suggested that a “chain of development” links various elements or events together, leading to one grand event. This is entirely correct. Irrational, superficial attitudes, which state that... ... middle of paper ... ...es as the universal Church of Western Europe, it had undergone both a loss of positive vitality and a diminishing strength in comparison with new emerging forces.” The Renaissance had caused people to call into question the veracity of Church statements. Slowly, the populace as a whole began to shy away from the Church, believing it to be corrupt. Additionally, the national monarchy would receive lucrative new opportunities, the biggest of which being state control over the Church, if the Reformation occurred.
Martin Luther thought that it was necessary to stand up for something he believed to be wrong and needed to be changed. Martin Luther accused the Roman Catholic Church of misrepresenting religion to advance its own gain and not to teach how to live by faith through Jesus Christ. Martin Luther wanted to exercise his freedom of speech and religion; therefore, he launched the Protestant Reformation, which intended to change the beliefs and practices of the Roman Catholic Church and effecting revolutions to follow. Since the Protestant Reformation, revolutions have happened throughout history producing major changes. Similar to Martin Luther and the Protestant Reformation, a political protest by American supporter challenging the British authority initiated the American Revolution.
This meant that lay people could now read the bible, understand it and make their own judgement upon the Catholic beliefs. This was important to the reformation as it not only bought ... ... middle of paper ... ...centralised government, Maximilian was not successful in doing so. This was partly due to other estates, which did not want to weaken their own power by strengthening his. Indeed, the territorial estates claimed to have responsibility for their subject's interests and defended their rights and privileges. By 1560 Europe had dramatically and fundamentally changed, the renaissance had a tremendous impact upon the way in which men thought and challenged beliefs.
He speaks of this corruption when he says, “ By this easy way of ... ... middle of paper ... ...tutes of Christian Religion took a different approach. It had justified the values of Lutheranism in hopes that people would convert. Although both a different in many ways, both documents serve the same purpose, to show the people that how terrible the corrupt leaders of the church are, and to show the replacements to the corrupt religion. Also, Martin Luther’s 95 Theses was a very influential document as well, and it had influenced Phillip Melanchthon to deliver a prodigious speech to contribute to the growth of the Reformation. Moreover, Lucas Cranach’s Cranach Weimar Altar had also illustrated why Jesus had dies, and how the church abuses their power.