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Warfare Current paper is devoted to the analysis and comparison of the approaches to warfare of the Ancient Chinese and Roman societies. It should be stressed that both civilizations possessed the highly sophisticated road system and war machines. It allowed them being flexible in solving their warfare problems. Both civilizations were characterized by the strong system of government and control. In fact, warfare in almost all countries of the world was directly related to the relationships between two or more governments. Land and natural resources were present in both cultures, as well. The populations of both empires were large, and it created the foundation for massive warfare campaigns. These empires were the dominant economic and warfare powers in their continents and their period of time. However, their approaches to warfare were not identical. Ancient China was always operated either by a King or a Queen. Therefore, the style of governance was autocratic and even despotic. Ancient Rome enjoyed more flexible system regarding styles of government. In some periods of history, Rome had an Emperor system. However, in other periods of history, the government was under the control of Republic. Thus, in the period of Emperor, the styles of Ancient China and Rome were similar while in the period of Republic, the styles were significantly different. The Republican style was more democratic and less cruel in comparison with the autocratic style. At the same time, women were sometimes in power in Ancient China. Such examples were absent in the history of Ancient Rome. As men are generally more inclined to warfare, the warfare policies of Ancient Rome were more consistent than that of Ancient China. Chinese leaders and representatives... ... middle of paper ... ... The sixth principle is unity of command. Unity of command and effort should be reached. Both civilizations were aware of this principle. However, Ancient China was more structurally organized, and its unity of command was almost perfect. The seventh principle is security. The enemy should not be permitted to acquire any strategic advantage. Romans were more skillful in implementation of this objective. The eighth principle is surprise. Military actions should be organized in a way that is unexpected for an enemy. Romans were more efficient in such military surprises. The ninth principle is simplicity. All plans should be clear and concise. Ancient China was more successful in fulfilling this principle. Thus, both civilizations had their own warfare strengths and weaknesses, and their experience and strategies may be useful for modern military specialists, as well.

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