The increasing global population is a significant issue in the world. The population itself is an issue because there’s a finite amount of space on this Earth and eventually we’ll run out, but the main issue that comes with overpopulation is overconsumption and the mismanagement of resources. It is a real problem that cannot be overlooked. Overpopulation further leads to climate change too, which can completely ruin Earth if taken too far. Just to demonstrate how much of an issue this already is: the city of Sana, Yemen in 2010 ran out of water, and had to get it imported. Imagine running out of water because it can very likely happen within the next century or so.
Malthus’ work, Essay on the Principle of Population, is often cited, first by Darwin himself, to have influenced Darwin’s conception of the theory of natural selection. His work, though unpopular, and often proven to be off the mark, did in fact bring to the forefront many socio-economic issues that are still being debated today: population control, food production and concerns over uncontrollable diseases arising from the effects of over-population. In this passage it is stated that Malthus was proven wrong: “...Malthus’ dire predictions have proven to be wrong...” (Efficiency and Equity 211). However, though his calculations have proven to be wrong because he could not accurately account for the technological advances that would make food production keep apace of population growth, in many respects, in under-developed or undeveloped countries, the substance of his predictions, if not his calculations, have proven to be accurate. Though Malthus’ message caused the field of economics to be coined, “the dismal science” (Efficiency and Equity 211), he contributed much to the field of socio-economics and established that economic theory is a valid approach to the study of some of the greatest concerns mankind has regarding environmental allocation of resources, population control and governmental policies regulating issues relevant to these areas.
Population concerns began in 1798 when Thomas Robert Malthus, an Anglican clergyman, wrote an essay entitled An Essay on The Principle of Population (Malthus). The essay focused on the relationship that he believed existed between population growth and human subsistence levels (by ‘subsistence’, Malthus meant anything from food to jobs to land). Malthus argued that the earth’s population expanded ‘geometrically’ while “’subsistence increases only at an arithmetic ration’”(Malthus). This meant that at some point human beings would experience a scarcity of land, food and jobs, leading to “human misery and catastrophe” (Southwick pg. 159). This time of misery is described as a time where the poorest classes in societ...
This issue of moral vs. social views in overpopulation extends on each and every part of the world. Based on the Documents of the Holy Father, “Certainly, we would not deny that this or that region is at present burdened by a relatively excess population. But the desire to solve the difficulty with a formula that the number of inhabitants should be regulated according to the public economy is equivalently to subvert the order of nature and the entire psychological and moral world which is bound up with it. What an error it would be to blame the natural law for the present miseries of the world, when it is clear that these derive from the lack of mutual solidarity of men and peoples!” (Zimmerman, 1957).
Twenty years later, Malthus would write a discouraging, but very influential book, An Essay on the Principle of Population. Malthus believed that the human race would eventually be doomed by overpopulation. His theory was that food would increase in arithmetic ratio but population would double every generation. This theory is faulty because it does not account for disease, famine, war, etc. Malthus’ view of supply and demand left a permanent impression on generations to come. It would hence be know as “the dismal science.”
Throughout history there have been claims that the world was growing too fast. In the 18th century, it was the Rev. Thomas Malthus with his book Essay on the Principle of Population. Rev. Malthus said that the growing European population would quickly outstrip its available resources. History tells us that Rev. Malthus' speculation was wrong.
In “The Tragedy of the Common,” Garrett Hardin discusses the problem of overpopulation. He argues that unlike other dilemmas in the world, the current crisis of overpopulation is a complex problem without a technical solution. The exponential growth of the human race will, as Hardin asserts is to be, the downfall of humanity. Unfortunately, this tragedy is unavoidable as there are too many variables in the mix to effectively solve the problem of overpopulation and avoid the destruction and extinction of the human race. In society, individuals think within their own bubble. They act on their beliefs, on their wants, and on their needs; not the needs of the rest of the world. Most people fail to recognize the serious consequences of “adding one
Thomas Malthus proposed the idea that although population grows geometrically, the food supply increases arithmatically, which he posulated meant that if births go unchecked than the population would outstrip food supply (Henslin., 2013., p. 416). This idea has concerned many and two different factions have developed. The New Malthusians believe in the Malthus theorem, and that we are soon going to be in a place where the popultion on Earth is going to surpass the supply of food, but on the flipside of this are the Anti-Malthusians who believe in demographic transition (Henslin., 2013., pp. 417, 418). Demographic transition is what the Anti-Malthusians believe is happening, as showcased in Europe, in stage one the population remains the same
Overpopulation has become an issue around our world without ever being properly addressed; until now. This issue needs to be addressed and solutions for it proposed now and that is what I am here to do. Overpopulation is depleting our already low resources and creating issues among the poor by putting more of a strain on them. Along with the poor, the wealthy are also being affected due to their world and the world around us running low on resources and space to put us all.
In Thomas Malthus’ Essay on the Principle of Population, the scholar describes what he believes to be the constant pressures on the growth of human populations. Though he postulates that populations are checked by the “means of subsistence,” or amount of food that must be produced for everyone in a population to survive, he is unable to correctly predict the technological advances that allow for more production to occur in smaller areas of land. His linear versus exponential growth models for food production and population, respectively, were also largely approximated and did not take into account the continued progress of civilization and the ability of humanity to innovate and solve problems. Furthermore, while his assumption that the attraction between the sexes will never be removed from society still holds true today, he is unable to foresee scientific advancements such as contraception that decrease the number of children per