68 yrs old, presented with abdominal pain, anorexia and started to lose weight rapidly and progressively. In September 2009, doctors finally had a diagnosis and it was pancreatic cancer with lung and liver metastasis. They were giving him 2months -1 year with chemotherapy and radiation. Morphine was prescribed to manage the pain. Doctors told him that chemotherapy and radiotherapy is the most effective way to manage his cancer, possibly shrink the mass and stop... ... middle of paper ... ..
Stages and Di¬¬¬agnosis Breast cancer, like all other cancers, is staged according to guidelines set by the American Cancer Society (n.d.). In the TMN staging system, there are three parameters set to establish the stages of breast cancer (Office of Women’s Health n.d). One parameter is the T, or tumor; this refers to the size of the tumor and the spreading of the tumor to the skin or chest wall. The T is judged on a scale of one to four (e.g. T1, T2, T3, T4). The second parameter is the N, or lymph
Introduction: Oral squamous cell carcinoma is the sixth most death causing common neoplasm worldwide with 600,000 new cases reported yearly (Dionne KR et al., 2014). Amid Asian countries India accounts for highest morbidity and 50-70% of mortality rate in all cancer (khandekar SP et al., 2006). In india the prominent site of oral cancer is the tongue (Krishna Rao SV et al., 2013). The major risk factor associated with OSCC in India is the habit of chewing betel nut leaves rolled with lime and tobacco
lost (290 men and 43,900 women) in the United States2. Studies revealed that in India, 555,000 national cancer deaths in 2010. 71% cancer deaths occurred in people aged 30-69 years in India. At 30-69 years, the three most common fatal cancers were oral, stomach, and lung in men, and cervical, stomach and breast in women. About 42% of male and 18.3% of female cancer deaths are due to tobacco-related products3. Many plants and plant derived products are used in cancer therapy as cytotoxic agents.
dentures. In addition, implant materials made of titanium offers not only biocompatibility but also osseointegration. Osseointegration refers to the direct connection between live bone and the surface of the implant during function and loading in the oral cavity. Despite the high rate success of dental implants, there is a small percentage of its failure which can partly be attributed to peri-implantitis. It refers to the variations in pathological inflammation that occurs in the tissue surrounding
Society of Chemistry10 (2010): 1-10. 20. Kinghorn, Douglas A., Young-Won Chin, and Steven M. Swanson. "Discovery of Natural Product Anticancer Agents from Biodiverse Organisms." NIH Public Access 12.2 (2009): 189-96. 21. Davis, David A., Sarah H. Sarkar, Maha Hussain, Yiwei Li, and Fazlul H. Sarkar. "Increased Therapeutic Potential of an Experimental Anti-mitotic Inhibitor SB715992 by Genistein in PC-3 Human Prostate Cancer Cell Line." BMC Cancer 6.22 (2006): 1-9. 22. Chen, Dongfeng, Xubo
Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma (HNSCC) is the 8th and 13th most common malignancy in the world for males and females, respectively, with the majority of malignancies of the upper aero-digestive tract being oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC) (Warnakulasuriya, 2009; Scully and Bagan, 2009; Nicole et al., 2010). The highest incidence of OSCC is found in India due to the increased preponderance of habits like chewing tobacco, betel quid and areca-nut which are the most important risk factors
Today, the most common cancer in females is Breast Cancer. Breast cancer is a form of cancer that affects the cells in the breast. It can occur in men and women but it mostly occurs in women. Breast cancer starts with the body’s cells multiplying strongly and then the cells metastasize to places in the body they shouldn’t be. It develops in the milk ducts and glands of the breast tissue, and begins by forming a lump in the breast. Once the lump is formed the cancer spreads through to the channels
Cancer: What Everyone Should Know Cancer bombarded an estimate of 1,638,910 people in the United States alone and killed roughly 577,190 people (cancer.org). Nearly half of the people who were diagnosed with cancer died, why? It is not because Oncologists are not caring for the patients properly or that cancer research is not progressing. It is simply because awareness about cancer is at a bare minimum. It is true, some cultures dedicate the month of October to Breast Cancer Awareness, but Breast
physician (Death with Dignity Act) . This has become a vital, medical and social movement. Having a choice should mean that a terminally ill patient is entitled to the choice to pursue PAS. If people have the right to refuse lifesaving treatments, such as chemo and palliative care, then the choice of ending life with PAS should be a choice that is allowed. However, “The United States Supreme Court found that liberty as defined in the 14th Amendment does not include the right to assistance in dying” (Vacco