He worked hard to earn a doctorate in physics in 19911 which he received from Copenhagen University. The next year, 1912, Bohr was working for Nobel laureate, J.J. Thompson, in England. He was introduced to earnest Rutherford whose discovery of the development of an atomic model and nucleus had given him a Nobel peace prize in chemistry in 1908. Bohr began to study the properties of atoms under Rutherford’s tutelage. Rutherford and Planicks theory needed help with their theory and description so Niels Bohr helped explained what happened inside of the atom and developed a picture of atomic structure.
Niels Bohr Born in Copenhagen, Denmark, on October 7, 1885 to mother Ellen Adler, and father, Christian Bohr, Niels would later go on to be a Nobel Prize winner in the category of physics. He attended the University of Copenhagen, where he studied physics. In 1911 he received his doctorate and left to England to study under J.J. Thomson, the man who discovered the electron. In 1912 he married Margrethe Norlund. Together they had 6 sons, one of which followed in his father’s footsteps and won his own Nobel Prize in physics in 1975 Bohr’s main focus was working on a way to understand the structure of an atom.
Post-war he became a major contributor to his Open-World theory of helping Nations intelligence between each other about weapons of mass destruction. Niels Bohr was born on October 7, 1885, in Copenhagen Denmark. He was born into an upper middle-class family. His father, Christian, was a professor of physiology at the University of Copenhagen. His father also was nominated twice for the Nobel Prize in physics.
Ernest Rutherford also known as The Lord Rutherford of Nelson, born on the 30/08/1871, was born in Brightwater, Tasman District, New Zealand and is renowned as the father of nuclear physics and is considered the greatest experimentalist. He succeeded in differentiating between alpha and beta radiation, at McGill University. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work into the disintegration of elements and the chemistry of radioactive substances. In addition, he set forth the laws of radioactive decay. He completed his first degree at the University of New Zealand and began teaching at a school in New Zealand, where he taught unruly pupils.
He is Julius Robert Oppenheimer. Oppenheimer was the most important person of the twentieth century due to his creation of the School of Theoretical Physics in Berkeley, his crucial work on the development of the atomic bomb, which ended World War II, and his thoughtful opposition to the great destruction that could be wrought by the atomic bombs. Oppenheimer was an exceedingly intelligent person, even as a child, and his intelligence enabled him to develop and nurture a wave of He collected mineralogical specimens at the age of five years old. After six years, his collection was so impressive, he was admitted membership in the prestigious Mineralogical Club in New York, one of the oldest mineral clubs in the United States. Thus, he was admitted to Harvard in 1922, intending to become a chemist.
During his undergraduate studies at Harvard University, Oppenheimer excelled in Latin, Greek, physics, and chemistry, published poetry, and studied Oriental philosophy. After graduating in 1925, he sailed for England to do research at the Cavendish Laboratory at the University of Cambridge, which, under the leadership of Lord Rutherford, had an international reputation for its pioneering studies on atomic structure. At the Cavendish, Oppenheimer had the opportunity to collaborate with the British scientific community in its efforts to advance the cause of atomic research. Max Born invited him to Göttingen University, where he met other prominent physicists, such as Niels Bohr and Paul Dirac, and where, in 1927, he received his doctorate. After short visits at science centres in Leiden and Zürich, he returned to the United States to teach physics at the University of California at Berkeley and the California Institute of Technology.
Werner Heisenberg was a German physicist and one of the most important key people involved with quantum mechanics. He was born on December 5, 1901 in Würzburg, Germany. He lived with his father Dr. August Heisenberg and his wife Annie Wecklein. His father was a professor of middle and Modern Greek languages at the University of Munich. Because of his father’s success, this is what inspired him to work harder and find solutions to physics and atomic theory.
Invented a detector for electromagnetic waves. Worked with his ... ... middle of paper ... ...ray, beta and gamma rays. He also worked on the rate of decay of uranium atoms, which led to the development of radioactive dating. Prizes Even though Ernest Rutherford was one of the most prominent scientist of his generation he was not greatly awarded. In 1900 he was elected fellow of the royal society of Canada, and three years later he was elected fellow of the royal society of London.
The exponential equation used to calculate the decay of radioactive substances was first employed for that purpose by Rutherford and he was the first to elucidate the related concepts of the half-life and decay constant. With Frederick Soddy at McGill University, Rutherford showed that elements such as uranium and thorium became different elements (i.e., transmuted) through the process of radioactive decay. At the time, such an incredible idea was not to be mentioned in polite company: it belonged to the realm of alchemy, not science. For this work, Rutherford won the 1908 Nobel Prize in chemistry. In 1909, now at the University of Manchester, Rutherford was bombarding a thin gold foil with alpha particles when he noticed that although almost all of them went through the gold, one in eight thousand would "bounce" (i.e., scatter) back.
Niels Bohr was a Danish physicist who worked in the early to mid-twentieth century. His father was a well-known physiologist. Bohr’s mother came from a family that was well-known in the field of education. In the fall of 1911 Bohr stayed at Cambridge, where he made some money by following the experimental work in the Cavendish Laboratory under Sir J.J. Thomson's guidance. In the early 1900’s Niels Bohr was a valued physicist because he made initial contributions to understanding atomic structure and the quantum theory.