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Climate change is the largest catastrophe our planet has ever faced. The sea levels continue to rise and threaten coastal cities around the globe. The earth is becoming warmer and with extreme fluctuations in climatic events droughts and floods continue on the rise. A devastating tsunami erupted off the west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia on December, 2004. It eventually affected countries such as: India, Thailand, Sri Lanka, Maldives and Somalia. The death toll reached 280,000 people. Several villages in Indonesia were devastated by the sea and became ghost cities. In August, 2005, Hurricane Katrina devastated New Orleans and as Robert Henson mentions in his book, The Rough Guide to Climate Change, one thousand and eight hundred people lost their lives, while thousands were displaced with property damages reaching billions of US dollars (132). The Earth's climate is radically shifting and fluctuating. There is now an enormous amount of scientific evidence that human activity or interference is the chief cause of global warming with its CO2 emissions. Temperatures are methodically rising globally and more life-threatening climate activities—heavy thunderstorms and record high temperatures—are already upsetting global societies and ecosystems. Scientists are confident that many of the witnessed changes in the climate such as depleting the ozone layer can be correlated to an increase in greenhouse gas emissions (esp. carbon dioxide) in the atmosphere, caused principally by the burning of fossil fuels primarily from Western industrialized countries. It is the intent of this paper to clarify, evaluate and better understand how climatology is adversely affecting the lives of Somalia’s pastoralists and farmers now and what is needed to ... ... middle of paper ... ...g, “About 10,000 families displaced by the drought from Bay, Bakool, Lower Shebelle, Lower Juba and Upper Juba regions, who have come to Mogadishu, are now in a serious situation.” Amnesty International reported a great number of displaced people in Mogadishu, “More than 300,000 live in settlements in Mogadishu where they are sheltering from cyclical drought, famine and a two- decade-long armed conflict which have already claimed hundreds of thousands of lives.” Therefore, wherever you go in Somalia, you find shelters and camps for displaced people who fled from the unsettled nature of climate change and its consequences from droughts and floods. Climate change also causes health problems for Somalis’ pastoralist and farmers. For example an acute drought causes hunger and malnutrition for children, pregnant women and elder people and their immune systems become weak

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