music censorship

analytical Essay
2640 words
2640 words

MUSIC CENSORSHIP, 1950 till now
1952 The Weavers are blacklisted due to the leftist political beliefs and associations of several members.
In 1953 six counties in South Carolina pass legislation outlawing jukebox operation anytime when within hearing distance of a church. During 1954 Stephen Foster songs are edited for radio to remove words such as "massa" and "darky." For radio airplay the perceived drug reference "I get no kick from cocaine," is changed to "I get perfume from Spain." in Cole Porter's classic "I Get a Kick out of you."
In 1955 Former radio deejay Pat Boone begins a career by releasing "sanitized" versions of black R&B hits. Boone's versions of these songs often contain edited lyrics: such as substituting "drinkin' Coca Cola" for "drinkin' wine" in T-Bone Walker's "Stormy Monday" and "Pretty little Susie is the girl for me" instead of "Boys, don't you know what she do to me" in Little Richard's "Tutti Fruitti."
During 1956 ABC Radio Network bans Billie Holiday's rendition of Cole Porter's "Love for Sale" from all of its stations because of its prostitution theme. Stations continue to play instrumental versions of the song.
The Parks Department in San Antonio, Texas, removes all rock and roll records from jukeboxes located at city swimming pools, terming it "jumpy, hot stuff" that is unsuitable for teens.
... 1957 Producers of the Ed Sullivan Show instruct cameramen to show Elvis Presley only from the waist up on his third and final appearance on the program on January 7th.
Fearing the effects of the "hedonistic, tribal rhythms" of rock and roll music, in March Chicago's Cardinal Stritch bans popular music from all Catholic-run schools.
The Mutual Broadcasting System drops all rock and roll records from its network music programs, calling it "distorted, monotonous, noisy music."
1962 New York Bishop Burke forbids Catholic school students from dancing to "The Twist." Burke considers R&B music, and its associated dances, to be lewd and un-Christian.
1963 The FBI begins collecting data on folk singers Phil Ochs. Ochs is one of several popular musicians to be tracked by the FBI during their careers (Bob Dylan, Jim Morrison, Pete Seeger and Woody Guthrie...

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The Roman Catholic Diocese of Providence forbids "Danny Boy" and other secular songs from being performed during funeral masses.
Following the September 11th terrorist attacks, Clear Channel Communications, the largest owner of radio stations in the United States, releases a list of more than 150 "lyrically questionable"songs that stations may want to pull from their playlists. Few songs portray explicit violence, but most have metaphoric themes that ring a bit too close to the tragedies. The list, containing music from almost every genre in popular music, includes Sugar Ray's "Fly," "Jet Airliner" by Steve Miller, Nine Inch Nails'; "Head Like a Hole," AC/DC's "Shoot to Thrill" and "Highway to Hell," Pat Benatar's "Hit Me with Your Best Shot," "Dust in the Wind" by Kansas, Jerry Lee Lewis's "Great Balls of Fire," REM's "It's the End of the World as We Know It," "Only the Good Die Young" by Billy Joel, Dave Matthews Band's "Crash Into Me," "Nowhere to Run" by Martha & the Vandellas, and all songs by Rage Against The Machine.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that the mutual broadcasting system drops all rock and roll records from its network music programs, calling it distorted, monotonous, noisy music.
  • Analyzes how john lennon's statement in march, comparing the popularity of the beatles to that of jesus christ, results in wide-spread beatles record burnings and protests.
  • Explains that the local roman catholic diocese runs an ad in the seattle post intelligencer calling for the criminal prosecution of rock musicians and for bans against 'quot;rock festivals and their drug-sex-rock squalor culture.
  • Explains that one-half of the country's top 40 stations refuse to play 'the ballad of john and yoko' because they feel that the lyrics are blasphemous.
  • Urges the movement to restore democracy to ban rock music to end the spread of socialism in america.
  • Analyzes how governor james rhodes attempts to order ohio radio stations to ban the song 'ohio' following the killing of four students at kent state university.
  • Explains that the senate internal security subcommittee issues a report on john lennon and yoko ono, advocating the termination of his visa to live in the u.s.
  • Explains that dr. richard bridgberg orders the staff of the institute of living, in hartford, connecticut, to remove mtv from the mental hospital's television system.
  • Explains that wal-mart discontinues sales of rock magazines such as rolling stone, hard rock, spin, and tiger beat following attacks from a conservative group led by the reverend jimmy swaggart.
  • Explains that christian rock band degarmo & key see their video for 'six, six, 6' banned because their music video is too violent.
  • Analyzes how pat robertson calls for content regulation of rock music on radio and television during an address at the new york television academy.
  • Explains that meyer music markets places an 'quot;explicit lyrics' warning sticker on frank zappa's jazz from hell, even though the album is instrumental.
  • Explains that after complaints about cher's video for 'if i could turn back time,' several video channels drop or restrict the music clip.
  • Describes how a nebraska radio station boycotts k.d. lang for her anti-meat beliefs. the station rarely plays lang's records, so their action is symbolic.
  • Explains that country music television and its parent company the nashville network ban garth brooks' video for "the thunder rolls" because it graphically depicts domestic violence.
  • Explains that john moran's 'the manson family' is the first classical recording to carry a parental warning sticker.
  • Explains sinead o'connor's tears up a photograph of pope john paul ii during her december performance on saturday night live prompted critics to call for boycotts of her albums.
  • Explains that wal-mart refuses to carry sheryl crow's self-titled second album because one of the songs contains an unflattering comment about the discount retailer'
  • Reports that texas governor george w. bush signed into law a rider to state appropriations bill, which requires state pension funds to divest any assets that are invested in record companies that produce 'quot;obscene' albums.
  • Explains that 18-year-old eric van hoven is suspended from zeeland high school in holland, michigan, for wearing a tee shirt promoting the band korn.
  • Explains that a portsmouth school superintendent forbids students from wearing marilyn manson tee shirts or other 'quot;goth' attire.
  • Explains that church groups and community members in georgia campaign for the cancellation of the hard rock rockfest, fearing the music of some artists will incite attendees to commit violent acts similar to those recently experienced at schools in colorado and georgia.
  • Explains that the national football league dropped four commercials based on rapper eminem's song 'my name is' because they felt the song was too controversial.
  • Describes how members of the harvest assembly of god church in butler county, pennsylvania, burn a collection of books, tapes, and cds.
  • Explains that the roman catholic diocese of providence forbids 'danny boy' and other secular songs from being performed during funeral masses.
  • Explains that clear channel communications releases a list of more than 150 'lyrically questionable' songs that stations may want to pull from their playlists.
  • Explains that the weavers are blacklisted due to the leftist political beliefs and associations of several members.
  • Explains that the parks department in san antonio, texas, removes all rock and roll records from jukeboxes located at city swimming pools, calling it 'jumpy, hot stuff' that is unsuitable for teens.
  • Analyzes how burke considers r&b music, and its associated dances, to be lewd and un-christian. the fbi begins collecting data on folk singers phil ochs.
  • Explains that cleveland mayor ralph locher bans all rock concerts in the city following a rolling stones performance. the barry mcguire song 'eve of destruction' is pulled from retail stores and radio stations after some groups complain that it is nihilistic and could promote suicidal feelings among teens.
  • Explains that capitol records recalls all copies of the beatles' yesterday and today album following complaints over the album's gory cover art.
  • Analyzes how the ed sullivan show producers request that jim morrison change the lyrics to 'light my fire' for the doors' september appearance on the program.
  • Explains that pete seeger is edited out of the program by the censors at cbs television. in 1969, new york police seize 30,000 copies of john lennon and yoko ono's two virgins album
  • Analyzes how several radio stations alter john lennon's song 'working class hero' without the consent of the singer or his record label.
  • Explains that the illinois crime commission publishes a list of popular rock songs that contain drug references, including peter, paul and mary's "puff the magic dragon" and the beatles' "yellow submarine."
  • Explains that john lennon's song 'woman is the nigger of the world' is banned by radio stations across the country.
  • Explains that radio stations across the country refuse to play loretta lynn's 'the pill' because of its references to birth control. the reverend jesse jackson calls for bans against disco music, insisting it promotes promiscuity and drug use.
  • Describes how youth minister art diaz organizes a record burning at the first assembly church of god in des moines, iowa, where he burns albums by the beatles, ravi shankar, peter frampton, and the soundtrack to the movie grease.
  • Describes how roger wilcher, a baptist youth minister in emporia, virginia, petitioned the city council to remove mtv from the local cable system.
  • Explains that dade christian school in miami, florida, forbids students from attending a local concert by the jackson brothers because they fear it will lead the youth to use drugs, drink, behave irresponsibly, and participate in lewd dancing.
  • Explains san antonio's ordinance prohibiting children under 14 from attending rock concerts at any city-owned facility. the senate committee on commerce, science, and transportation holds hearings on music lyrics and proposed systems to rate or sticker albums that contain violent or sexual-themed lyrics.
  • Explains how protesters picket retailers carrying guns 'n roses' debut album appetite for destruction, despite the offensive cover art being replaced. cat stevens is misquoted regarding the ayatollah khomeni's call for the death of the satanic verses author salman rushdie.
  • Explains that westerly, rhode island, high school student robert parker is suspended for wearing a shirt inscribed with devilish messages. fort zumbald north high school in st. louis is forbidden from playing the jefferson airplane hit 'quot;white rabbit'
  • Describes how police in new iberia, louisiana, seize more than 60 cds after a fight broke out in the rink's parking lot.
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