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It can be nearly impossible to narrow down the causes of delinquency in youth as the factors do vary from adolescent to adolescent. There has been extensive research into family factors and how they relate to delinquency. Researchers have looked in several theories and models to specific attributes of gender, socioeconomic status, race, and the family structure itself. Definitions • Juvenile delinquency: conduct by a juvenile characterized by antisocial behavior that is beyond parental control and therefore subject to legal action; a violation of the law committed by a juvenile and not punishable by death or life imprisonment (Merriam-Webster, 2014). • Parenting: behavior of the parent that is directed toward the child and therefore included such practices as punishment, monitoring, and communication (Hoeve, Dubas, Eichelsheim, van der Laan, Smeemk, & Gerris, 2009). • Criminogenic: producing or leading to crime or criminality (Merriam-Webster, 2014). • Nontraditional families: Single-parent households. The purpose of this proposal is to look at family structures and the effects it plays on the development of delinquency in youth, but there are several contextual factors that are involved when looking at family structures. No two families are the same, and each family is faced with its own set of circumstances and individual family attributes that can cause one family to experience events differently. Two families could be facing family disruption from divorce, but youth in high socioeconomic statuses are less likelihood to develop delinquent behaviors compared to their low socioeconomic status counterparts. Before looking into different family structures we must have a conceptual idea of all the factors that can promote delinq... ... middle of paper ... ...ther family structure that has been showed to have greater probability of delinquent behavior is that have larger families. This is due to the lack supervision and low diligence of discipline (Kierkus, & Hewitt, 2006; Murray, & Farrington, 2010).Murray and Farrington (2010) found in the British National Survey of Health and Development that delinquency increased from 9% for families with one children to 24% for families with 4 or more children regardless of the number of parents present in the household (Murray, & Farrington, 2010). Based off of the literature reviewed, it becomes apparent there is no easy or clear cut way to determined delinquency in youth. However, there are attributes such as gender, race, and family structure that can create associations to delinquency. These associations are what will be researched and explored in the research I am proposing.
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