Robert Farren in his The Course of Irish verse in English assumed an Irish poetry so wholly defined in terms of a nationalist-catholic rural Irishness that it could be claimed with no sense of the circularity of the argument, that Irish poetry on the whole certainly, in its better parts, is decidedly Irish. (Farren 167) Irish poetry is written in two languages Irish and English. Poetry in Irish was written since the sixth century while the poems in the English language from Ireland appeared during the fourteenth century but English language poetry with Irish themes appeared in the nineteenth century and this form of poetry was prevalent during the Literary Revival at the end of the nineteenth and the beginning of the twentieth century.
Even though Yeats was considered a patriot, “he deplored the hatred and bigotry of the Nationalist movement” This concern was new in the Modernism era. William was awarded the Nobel Prize for his artistic writing. “His significance today rests on his lyric achievement. His poetry, especially the volumes The Wild Swans at Coole (1919), Michael Robartes and the Dancer (1921), The Tower (1928), The Winding Stair and Other Poems (1933), and Last Poems and Plays (1940), made him one of the outstanding and most influential twentieth-century poets writing in English”. (nobelprize.org) An Irish Foresees his Airmen is a short poem that was written to commemorate Robert Gregory, the son of Yeats Patron, Lady (Poetry for students).
Joyce's major works such as Ulysses, Finnegans Wake, and Dubliners, have influenced modern literature and writing of the 20th century. James Joyce is an excellent subject of analysis because of the influence history and society had in his writings, the popularity of his work, and his rich, intriguing culture. In Irish attempts to establish a republic and gain political freedom, the country underwent a series of civil battles. This civil strife began in September 1914 when the British government suspended the Home Rule Bill which protected political autonomy in Ireland. A new ... ... middle of paper ... ...sh country he resided reflected in his character Little Chandler, "If you wanted to succeed you had to go away.
The two central preoccupations of his work are a sense of betrayal. Ireland, dominated both political and economically by Britain and religiously by the Catholic Church caused Joyce to regard them as "the two imperialisms" (Attridge P. 34). Roman Catholicism is an integral aspect of the novel A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man. In 1917, the English novelist H.G. Wells in a review of the novel in the New Republic wrote, "by far the most living and convincing picture that exists of an Irish Catholic upbringing."
Yeats says one of them had "ignorant good will" (18) and a "shrill" voice (20). Still, though, no matter how he feels about the cause he believes he has to say something about these people and the legacy they left behind. At the end of the day, the speaker can 't get behind what happened in the Easter Uprising. But he can say that the fighters deserve to be remembered in a poem and that they 'll be remembered "Whenever green is worn" (78). So in the end, he never overcomes his sense that he was right to stay out of the conflict.
Ireland and Irish Nationalism in the Poetry of William Butler Yeats William Butler Yeats was an Irish poet, a dramatist, and a prose writer - one of the greatest English-language poets of the twentieth century. (Yeats 1) His early poetry and drama acquired ideas from Irish fable and arcane study. (Eiermann 1) Yeats used the themes of nationalism, freedom from oppression, social division, and unity when writing about his country. Yeats, an Irish nationalist, used the three poems, “To Ireland in the Coming Times,” “September 1913” and “Easter 1916” which revealed an expression of his feelings about the War of Irish Independence through theme, mood and figurative language. The theme of nationalism dominates in “To Ireland in the Coming times” and in “Easter 1916.” In the former poem, Yeats suggested the idea of Irish brotherhood to achieve justice for Ireland, “True brother of a company, that sang, to sweeten Ireland’s wrong” (Finneran 50).
JAMES JOYCE James Joyce’s “Clay'; and “Eveline'; were two stories impacted by the break with his family, church, and his country. In this paper I will give examples to show that my thesis is correct. I may also enlighten you by telling you the story of an excellent Irish writer. James Augustine Joyce lived from 1882 to 1941. He was an Irish novelist and poet, “whose psychological perceptions and innovative literary techniques make him one of the most influential writers of the twentieth century'; (Encarta, 1).
Ezra Pound, the most aggressively modern of these poets, made "Make it new!" his own battle cry. In London Pound encountered and encouraged his fellow friend in exile, T. S. Eliot, who wrote what is arguably the most famous poem of the twentieth century, "The Waste Land" using revolutionary techniques of composition, such as the collage. Both poets turned to untraditional sources for inspiration, Pound chose to turn to classical Chinese poetry and Eliot to the ironic poems of the 19th century French symbolist poet and then followed Pound to Europe and wrote poems which, in their extreme concision and precise visualization, most purely embodied his famous doctrine of Imagism. Work Cited 1. http://www.hrc.utexas.edu/research/fa/pound.ezra.scope.html 2. http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/index.shtml 3. http://www.poets.org/poets/poets.cfm?prmID=162 4. http://www.poets.org/poets/poets.cfm?prmID=162
W.B. Yeats poetry effectively reconciles the personal and the universal in that while he talks of personal experiences, he immortalizes these common, universal human experiences within his poetry. In order to understand how Easter 1916 encompasses both the personal and universal, one must comprehend the context of it. It talks of the sacrifice made by Irish Republicans who wanted to gain independence from Great Britain and lost their lives in the Easter Rising. Art was generally more romantic at the time, not political.
Eliot’s monumental poem, The Waste Land, was a historically rooted, worldly conscious work that was brought on by the effects of World War One. The implementation of literary allusions versus imagination was one point that Williams attacked Eliot over, but was Williams completely in stride with his own guidelines? Looking closely at Williams’s reactionary poem to The Waste Land, Spring and All, we can question whether or not he followed the expectations he anticipated of Modernist work; the attempts to construct new art in the midst of a world undergoing sweeping changes. A version of Spring and All without the sections of prose that were interspersed with the poems was first published in 1923; a year after The Waste Land first appeared. In titles alone, we can see the opposing ideals peeking through, The Waste Land, a poem embedded with imagery of “breeding / … out of the dead land,” a proposal of life moving forward in the wake of immense death that came with World War One, against the direct presentation of the title Spring and All, which seemingly appears as the solution, the key to rebirth (Ramazani 474).