Biography of Martin Luther King Jr Martin Luther King Jr. was born on January 15, 1929 to Alberta Williams, a school teacher, and Martin Luther King, a Baptist pastor. King became a minister at 17, and then went on to graduate from Crozer Theological School at 22, and then continued to study at Boston University. While studying King became highly interested in Christian activism, and improving society through non-violent means. His ideas were heavily influenced by Mahatma Gandhi . After his degree, however King decided to become pastor of Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama.
He went to Morehouse College, a Negro institution of Atlanta. He then went on to take three years of theological study at Crozer Theological Seminary in Pennsylvania where he was president of a white senior class. Next, he enrolled at Boston University and completed his residence for the doctorate in 1953 and received the degree in 1955. In Boston, he met his future wife, Coretta Scott. They eventually had two sons and two daughters.
Martin Luther King Jr was born on the 15th of January, 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia, United States, known as Michael Luther King Jr and was than assassinated on the 4th of April 1968 in Memphis, Tennessee, United States. The world renowned Baptist minister and social activist had a massive impact on the American civil rights movement from the mid 1950’s until his assassination in 1968. Martin Luther King Jr’s up bringing was fairly pleasant and he was brought up with a great education. However, he had his couple of prejudices and traumatic experience through out his life. One of these including one of his friends who was a fair skinned boy who was told to tell King that he was no longer allowed to play with him because the children were now attending
The Montgomery Bus Boycott, urged and planned by E. D. Nixon (head of the Montgomery NAACP chapter and a member of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters) and led by King, soon followed. (In March 1955, a 15-year-old school girl, Claudette Colvin, had to give up her seat, but King did not then become involved. ) The boycott lasted for 385 days, the situation becoming so tense that King's house was bombed. King was arrested during this campaign, which ended with a United States District Court ruling in Browder v. Gayle that ended racial segregation on all Montgomery public buses. Southern Christian Leadership Conference King was instrumental in the founding of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) in 1957, a group created to harness the moral authority and organizing power of black churches to conduct non-violent protests in the service of civil rights reform.
(Martin 3) January 1957 some of the leaders behind the Montgomery bus boycott had assembled in Atlanta, Georgia, and had later founded the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, or SCLC. The SCLS had brought churches and some clergy from across the South, and which was created to coordinate protest inspired by the success of the bus boycott in Alabama. As its president the SCLC elected King, for he had played a major role in its creation, and had, from the beginning, and he had the outlook and intellectual spirit of the group. (Martin explains that his role as president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference demands that he assist local organizations that call upon him) (Martin 2). He did much of the SCLC’s fundraisings by preaching and speaking in the North as well as South... ... middle of paper ... ...e believed essential to its success) (Peake 3).
D. requirements to return to the South and accepted the pastorate of Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama. On December 5, 1955, five days after Montgomery civil rights activist Rosa Parks refused to obey the city's rules mandating segregation on buses, black residents launched a bus boycott and elected King as president of the newly-formed Montgomery Improvement Association. As the boycott continued during 1956, King gained national prominence as a result of his exceptional oratorical skills and personal courage. His house was bombed and he was convicted along with other boycott leaders on charges of conspiring to interfere with the bus company's operations. Despite these attempts to suppress the movement, Montgomery bus were desegregated in December, 1956, after the United States Supreme Court declared Alabama's segregation laws unconstitutional.
King was ordained a Baptist minister at the age of 18 and it was a necessity for King to be able to express himself eloquently and to be able to persuade his audience. It was this ability to move large audiences that caught the eye of Edgar D. Nixon, a local leader of the NAACP. Rosa Parks had just been arrested for her refusal to give up her seat on a bus to white person. Nixon decided to seize this opportunity and stage a boycott of public transportation. King was named the president of the Montgomery Improvement Association and was instrumental in organizing the Montgomery bus boycott.
The month of May is set aside each year to celebrate African American History. When you think of Black History month, the first thing that we all think about is the historical speech, “I have a dream”. However, he did so much more than just present the speech that we all are familiar with had moral values that he stood for and was the leader of many civil right movements. This man is known as Martin Luther King. He was born on January 15, 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia.
His grandfather was the founder of the Atlanta Chapters of the NAACP, and his father was the Pastor of the Eboniza Baptist Church where he worked as a Civil Rights Leader. Dr. King attended Morehouse College and graduated with a bachelor’s degree in sociology in 1948. Dr. King married Coretta Scott King in 1953. After graduating with honors from Crozer Theological Seminary in Pennsylvania in 1951, he went to Boston University where he earned a PHD in Divinity in 1955. After graduating from Boston University, Dr. King became the Pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama where he began the activities that would make him an American Civil Rights Leader.
Although King gained national prominence as a result of his exceptional oratorical skills and personal courage, during the course of the 381-day action, his home was bombed, many threats were made against his life, and he was arrested, jailed, and convicted on charges of conspiring to interfere with the bus company's operations. Despite efforts to suppress the movement, the Supreme Court's mandate outlawed all segregated public transportation in the city. Although there are many more examples of King's tutelage, King's historic March on Washington (August 28, 1963), where he delivered his famous "I Have a Dream" speech is his most notable. Later, in 1964 King was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. Unlike others who struggle through adversity,