There has been many rebel movements that have and are currently still creating the DRC unstable (about.com). There has been lots of catalytic destruction caused by corruption. Mobutu Sese Seko was the president in 1965 (about.com). In order to keep his position as president for 32 years, he did many sham elections and used brutal force (about.com). In 1994, Ethnic strife, civil war, corruption and an increase in refugees had been caused by Rwanda and Burundi, had led to the fall of the Mobutu regime by a rebellion that was supported by Rwanda and Uganda and was led by Laurent Kabila (about.com).
The terrorist organization suffered setbacks in July 2009 when clashes with Nigerian government forces led to the death of hundreds of its members including the former leader Mohammed Yusuf. In July of 2010 the group’s leader Abu Bakrer and second-in-command Abubaker Shekau appeared in a video claiming leadership of the terrorist organization and threatening attacks on all western influence. months in Nigeria. Later thatstatementekau issued a second staement expressing solidarity with al-Qa’ida and threatening the United States. Under Shekau’s leadership Boko Haram has co... ... middle of paper ... ...ist to raid chrisitian villages.Everyday in Nigeria at least one chrisitan has their religous rights violated in some way or form.
The Sudan genocide, a civil war that was started in the early 1980s when drought, famine and the spread of un-arable land caused traditional African herders and Darfur citizens to argue over land. For the next 22 years relationships worsened between the Arab and non-Arab tribes. The Western region of Sudan: Darfur was thrown into civil war by its own government and two rbel armies in an uprising that should have been seen coming for a long time. This essay will elaberate on the events that occurred in Sudan over the past twenty two years and to what extent the mass killings that occurred can be defined as Genocide. The insurgeny began in Febuary 2003; goning virtually uunnoticed by the international community and shadowed by the ongoing war in Irac.
Boko Haram, an Islamist militant group, has led to destruction throughout the country of Nigeria. According to the following BBC.com article, “Who are Nigeria’s Boko Haram Islamists?,” This Islamist group has induced “havoc in Africa’s most populous country through a wave of bombings, assassinations and abductions” (Chothia). Moreover, “The militant group has bombed schools, churches and mosques; kidnapped women and children; and assassinated politicians and religious leaders alike” (Karimi and Carter, “Boko Haram: A Bloody Insurgency, a Growing Challenge”). The purpose of Boko Haram is to overthrow Nigeria’s Government and create a pure Islamic state. Nigeria is at risk, possibly other countries in the future, if Boko Haram remains strong
Somalia has seen various radical Islamist groups obtain power and fall. The group was founded in the Islamic Courts union (a group of Sharia courts which united to form a rival front to the transitional Federal Government with the aims of creating an Islamic state within Somalia by ridding the country of foreigners and outside influences). The group has shown intent of spreading their ideologies and goals abroad, which make them a terrorist threat to Africa and the world at large. Al-Shabaab’s most recent attack was on Kenya. The attack took place in West gate mall on the 21st of September 2013.
Over time, the group has graduated from committing violence mostly with guns to using high explosive bombs, improvised explosive devices, and suicide bombings (Ogbonnaya, Ogujiuba, & Stiegler, 2011). Despite a somewhat murky philosophical background, the group’s mission seemed quite evident for a number of years. Boko Haram ultimately aims to overthrow the Nigerian state and establish a strict Islamic state with Sharia law (Ogbonnaya, Ogujiuba, & Stiegler, 2011). The year 2011 marked a turning point for the terrorist organization when they attacked the United Nations Nigerian headquarters, killing at least 18 people. To attack the United Nations signified a leap in Boko Haram’s focus, which was previously on domestic targets (Murray & Nossiter 2011).
They are losing the desire to continue in their support for the war. People have taken negative viewings to Muslims as well because of this war and have become very aggressive over those coming from the Middle East and of Islamic origins even if they have been citizens of the United States before 9/11. “We kid ourselves if we think we can be a people at war for a decade without suffering consequences” states James Carron (Hampson). The United States Military though has problems in the country and has been having these problems since the invasion. Training Afghan forces and fighting the Taliban has not been working and is not efficient.
Or make a new plan to slowly pull American troops out of Afghanistan. Our military has worked too hard and lost too many American soldiers just to give up and forget about the mission. In the article “Benefits Of Afghanistan War” it stated, “If the U.S were to draw out from Afghanistan war, the country could become overwhelmed with turmoil”. So if the United States leaves Afghanistan then its going to go back to the way it was before the United States military got there! Terrorists would travel to the unstable country and cause violence and destruction, overwhelming the Afghan government.
The SNM formed in the early 1980s and drew its support from the Isaaq clan. The government responded to the attack of 1988 with a brutal assault on the Isaaq clan, killing almost 50,000 people and forcing over half a million to flee to neighbouring states such as Ethiopia and Djibouti. Finally, in 1991, President Siyad Barre’s government fell. Central and Southern Somalia fell quickly into heavily armed, violent chaos, and warfare between rival sub-clans in the capital Mogadishu led to the obliteration of much of the city. Pillaging of villages and unimpeded criminality eventually led to a catastrophic famine which is estimated to have claimed over 250,000 lives.
It is the ugly side of war that the average American citizen may not want to hear or talk about. For a soldier, it is inevitably what they train their entire career to do. The profession is inherently involved in killing other human beings. The final chapter of Iraq, Afghanistan and the War on Terror, has yet to be written. There have been many characters, for better or for worse, who have etched their names in stone during these conflicts.