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Introduction: Hook: The national motto of France, “Liberté, Egalité, Fraternité,” which in English translates to "Freedom, equality, brotherhood," found its origins in the French Revolution, a period of radical social and political upheaval in France during the end of the eighteenth century. However, looking into the history of events leading to the nineteenth century, it is not hard for one to cross-question the legitimacy of these powerful messages who have profoundly affected French and modern history. Background (context of short story and what is happening in the society and your research on the author): Honoré de Balzac, a French author who grew up during the revolutionary phases of France, having gone through it all, from a society reigned by nobility and religion to a society reigned by wealth, all of which possessed its own flaws, and both having commonalities. He decided in an effort to “compete with the state” that he would write novels criticizing societal traditions with the use of reason and individualism. One of these novels, Colonel Chabert, gave him the essence as being purely original, a re-inventor of the novelist’s role in history during the Romantic era and the Age of Enlightenment. Colonel Chabert depicts the story of a colonel whose dramatic return to life, after being left for dead on the battlefield of Eylau, brings with it the shock that, in his absence, his entire life—family, society, identity—has changed. After the French Revolution ended in the early eighteen hundreds, with France’s aristocracy returning to power under the orders of Louis XVIII, Colonel Chabert experiences society’s oppressive nature upon his return when he learns that he has been declared dead in the books of Victories & Conquests. T... ... middle of paper ... ...status are corrupt. Chabert is not able to fairly receive what he was granted in the first place due to not having a high ranking role in society. When Chabert was a colonel, he was considered a part of nobility and was given what he wanted. Now, it’s even hard for him to get a loaf of bread. So What? (Purpose of criticism): Balzac displays themes which show the negative impact a social hierarchy can have upon a nation. Instead, he believes we must cease this ideology from continuing with the removal of all privileges given to the First and Second Estate, which will allow for equal rights amongst all. Concluding Sentence: To conclude, the two themes displayed in the novel, The Rich vs The Poor and Justice, demonstrate the negative influences which social structure has upon a society, and that the removal of all benefits given to aristocrats is key for equality.

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