kjk

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Are state government policies influenced by factors that characterize each state? If so, how are such factors influencing the state government policies? Political scientists try to answer these questions by analyzing aggregated data on the 50 states using correlation and regressions methods. A state government policy can be illustrated by the per capita state and local expenditure on public welfare. A factor that may affect the state government policy may be the ideology of the state. Ideology can be explained as the position or attitude towards the government based on the notion of freedom versus equality by which, in this case, the state can be considered either liberal or conservative based on their position. Liberals tend to support more government spending on public welfare compared to conservative who tend to support less spending. It can be hypothesized that a state that tends to be liberal will have a higher per capita state and local expenditure on public welfare compared to states with less tendency of being liberal. Additionally, in efforts to properly analyze the hypothesis, possible confounding variables need to be tested to see if it affects the association between expenditure and the tendency of states being liberal. In this case, public aid recipients in each state are the possible confounding variable. The hypothesis may be conceptually defines as the level of spending of each state on public welfare and the level of ideology, specifically level of how liberal the state is. The operational definition of the hypothesis may be illustrated by measuring both variables. How much each state spends on public welfare can be measured by evaluating expenditures of each state and mathematically formulating the per capita ... ... middle of paper ... ...e in other words the ideology of the state is the per capita state and local expenditure on public welfare. It was hypothesized that liberal states were more likely to have higher per capita expenditure on public welfare compared to states that tend to be less liberal. A control variable was added in order to test a possible confounding variable; in this case the variable was percent of the population who are public aid recipients. The research demonstrates that there is a positive correlation between expenditure and how liberal each state is even with a control variable. It can be concluded that as the level of how liberal a state is increases so does the per capita expenditure on public welfare. Furthermore, it can be explained by the tendency of liberals favoring more spending on public welfare compared to conservatives who favor less spending on public welfare.

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