According to the question that I am doing, in this assignment I am going to explain what I understand and find out about learning or can be label as behaviorism. What is learning? In psychology the term learning refers to permanent change in behavior through experience (Lahey, 2012, p. 194). My assignment will be the course of explaining the concept or the perception of learning in the stance of behaviorists Ivan Pavlov, John. B Watson, Edward Thorndike, B. F Skinner and Albert Bandura. Through my research of six journals I would use these journals to critically analyze the perception of the behaviorists that I had mentioned. I will attempt to combine the theories of these researchers from the six journals that I had examined.
Learning is very important in our daily life no matter we are young or old and from learning we developed our very own behavior or personalities. All of us learn to do so many things and remain or exit that certain thing. We learn to fear something, develop better behavior if pleasant thing happen or avoid something unpleasant and also learn by critically thinking in a creative way of how to solve a problem. Can be said learning is the process of watching other people behavior and maybe by practicing a certain behavior in a specific place or situation. As what I know if we want to develop a behavior we must practice that behavior for twenty one days and it automatically become one of our permanent behaviors. Different situation there is a different role we portray. For example a student role is to listen to the lecturer lesson and study whereas a staff role is to complete their work or task given by their boss. However is it difficult to eliminate a certain behavior? Maybe it is dif...
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... Iversen (1992) explains, “both S-R and S’-R’- were paired simultaneously. S-R is a reflex that is observable before conditioning, where S refers to stimuli emanating from food and R refers to some response that involve in the ingestion of food. S’-R is also a reflex but of an investigatory type. Such investigatory reflexes ordinarily disappear through adaption. When S’ is presented alone after simultaneous pairing of S-R and S’-R’, R will occur without S (p. 2)”.
McLeod, S. A. (2008). Classical Conditioning. Retrieved from http://www.simplypsychology.org/classical-conditioning.html
Clark, R. E. (2004). The Classical Origins of Pavlov's Conditioning. Integrative Physiological & Behavioral Science, 39(4), 279-294.
Watson, J. B., & Rayner, R. (2000). Conditioned emotional reactions. American Psychologist, 55(3), 313-317. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.55.3.313