Abstract Tuberculosis is a deadly disease that is now affecting our world and the people living in it in a horrible way. Due to many factors such as poverty, HIV/AIDS, and lack of health care, many third world and developing countries have been left very vulnerable to tuberculosis. It is affecting a large part of these countries and is leading them deeper into poverty and sickness. The effort to help these countries against tuberculosis has only been slightly effective against this widespread and destructive disease. Tuberculosis is an infectious disease that affects one third of the world's population.
Although there are people living in this state of condition, they are people in the developing countries who live in worst condition. “Poverty is the worst form of violence” Mahatma Gandhi. People in the developing countries are a greater risk of absolute poverty. Billions of people living in developing countries lack access to a clean environment therefore; this leads to diseases and malnutrition. Millions of people die each year from these diseases “ being unwanted, unloved, uncared for, forgotten by everybody is much greater hunger, A greater poverty than the person who has nothing to eat” Mother Teresa.
Poverty has a great impact on society as a whole. Poverty takes away the ability for someone to gain its benefits. Poor people tend to have poor medical care and more than 1/3 of the population lack health insurance. At times people may be uninsured, causing them to have less access to any preventive care, treatment, overall care or any diagnostic services. The poor are usually more likely to die from infectious diseases because of their lack of health care.
And also that almost 50% the population in Africa lack of access to essential medicines, meaning that people are suffering and dying from the simple lack of materials. While more than 70 percent of HIV infection worldwide is through heterosexual sex, in sub-Saharan Africa the percentage is higher (Jackson 2002). Another way that HIV is transmitted is HIV-infected mother to her child. In Africa transmission sex among men is less common, so where else is it transmitted from? Well the most common way of getting HIVs other than getting it from ones mother, is infection by drug.
When most people think of places like Cameroon, they only recognize the negative aspects of the nation. Although, with problems as bad as this, it is not hard to see why. The citizens of Cameroon do not have access to proper health care, but live in conditions where disease spreads like wildfire. Currently Cameroon’s population is decreasing by 2.5% per year, according to statistics from the World Health Organization (WHO). That is exceptionally high percentage of people dying in a nation with its population of 21.7 million.
There are about 80% tuberculosis cases in 22 countries. The shortened funding and poor health care system in these countries are the main cause of tuberculosis cases (WHO, 2007). Peru is one of the populated countries that has 27.9 million of citizens (Census, 2007). Peru is lacking basic health education among the rural population. Moreover, majority of people having problems with health due to the financial and physical access to the health care institutions.
Nearly 50,000 people, including 30,000 children, die each day due to poverty-related problems and preventable disease in underdeveloped Countries. That doesn’t include the other millions of people who are infected with AIDS and other incurable diseases. Especially those living in Sub-Saharan Africa (70%), or “the Third-World,” and while we fight to finish our homework, children in Africa fight to survive without food, or clean water. During the next few paragraphs I will give proof that poverty and disease are the two greatest challenges facing under developed countries. Niger and Sierra Leone, the two poorest countries in the world only have a GDP of around 500 dollars per capita.
This means that healthcare is poor which is a major cause for the high mortality rate. Another reason the rate is so high in Somalia is due to poor sanitation, malnutrition and indoor air pollution. Also, diseases such as diarrhea, malaria, preterm birth complications and pneumonia all contribute to the high rate. Many children and adults aren’t exposed to proper education to learn about how to prevent diseases. The major organizations that work to reduce child mortality rates include Every Women Every Child, The Millennium Goals and The Child Survival Call to Action.
We use the term “starving” loosely, but do we actually know what it’s like to starve? We have approximately 35 million poverty-stricken people in America. How many does that make in the world? Too many! Poverty has been described as the number one health problem for many poor nations as they do not have the resources to meet the growing needs.
Poor diets, disease and other factors mean that many people do not get the nutrients they need for a healthy life. More than 30% of the world’s population 2 billion people are anemic, many due to iron deficiency (WHO, 2010a), hunger and malnutrition have effects that last throughout the life cycle, with poorly nourished children growing up to less healthy and productive than they could be. ,Clifford et al. (2006) Donald (2006) and Bradley (2002) opined that health capital is affected by a number of preventable diseases such as malaria fever, HIV/AIDS, farm injuries, cholera fever, respiratory diseases and skin