inequality

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The main question is that whether my country is equitable information society or not. What does it mean by equitable information society? To answer this question, it should first precisely be clarified the meaning of equality and also the more problematic term in social science, inequality. Classical and contemporary social theorists such as Weber, Marx and Burdieu expose it to discussion. In this sense, society is seen as a stratification system that is based on a hierarchy of power (the ability to direct someone else’s behavior), privilege (honor and respect), and prestige (income, wealth, and property), which leads to patterns of social inequality (Crossma, n.d.). There are two main paradigms which aim to theorize inequality in context of society; functionalist and conflict paradigms. The first, asserts that inequality is essential for existence of each society. Inequality, in this approach is based on ability and awards. Durkheim is one of the pioneers of factionalist paradigm. While the latter approach looks inequality as basics of conflict in each society and it leads that society to change its patterns. This approach is mainly based on theories of Carl Marx. In this essay the conflict approach will take into account and the inequality in information society is scrutinize as a problematic term in Iran. the conflicts between authorities and people, rural and urban areas will be more discussed. As we hear a lot the term “information society” even in our everyday life, we think that the meaning is obvious. However, Webster finds this miscomprehension among scholars, when they utilize one aspect of information society as the whole meaning of this phenomenon (Webster, 2006). He distinguishes five definitions of an information so... ... middle of paper ... ...t: Inclusion and exclusion in the network society cannot be assimilated to the so-called "digital divide"' as the use of the Internet and connection 10 telecommunication networks do not guarantee actual incorporation into the dominant networks or counter-domination networks that shape society_ Yet exclusion from the operative infrastructure of the network society is a good indicator of deeper structural subordination and irrelevance (Castells, 2004, p.24). By considering this note, I will look briefly in Iran’s situation, in which the only documents for disclosing the inequality of information society are “exclusion from the operative infrastructure of the network society”. Also I will adapt the liquid modernity theory of Bauman to show conflicts in a developing country such Iran. however before study the case, liquid modernity and its features will be described.

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