We have explored how those resources and available opportunities are closely connected to the theory Structural functionalist by looking at the privilege and power in a society. Another important aspect is the study of Social stratification, which is an understanding of how those patterns of inequalities are maintained and challenged. We should have a basic understanding of how societies differ based on inequalities that they show and different varieties of inequalities that come together and reinforce one another. By that, this section is dissect how race, classs, gender, and age come together through structure of a society. Throughout these we also take a look at deviance and conformity.
All of these research schools have opposing views on how the world operates and how it should operate in different circumstances. This paper will examine research schools of Marxism and pluralism that are poles apart in regards to their beliefs on the origin of power in society.THESIS Pluralism expresses the importance of the individual’s interests which develops a need to participate in civil society and influence politics. # On the other hand, Marxism reveals the structural and unequal power buried within social classes that enables one group to be more powerful than another.# The principles of both of these research schools will be applied and analyzed in the Federal Government’s policy with regards to the regulation of the Ca... ... middle of paper ... ...under the Finance Minister Paul Martin, this proposal was rejected and representatives of the proposal felt ‘political persecution’.# Martin believed that there was insufficient evidence that the banking system will be enhanced post-bank merger, and discarded the issue of foreign competition.# The government also feared future failures within the system which will be much more difficult to restore,# “the bigger they get, the harder they’ll fall.”# The banks disagreed and claimed that if this merger did not take place the chances of Canada as global financial centre would deteriorate and it would be absolutely unfavourable for businesses in the long term.# According to pluralists, the bank merger proposal has disregarded the interests of the public who own the shareholders of the market economy and therefore the public’s outlook on this issue must be considered.#
It enhances the role of cruelty and power in producing social order. It is the control theory that believes inequality exists because those in control of an unequal share of society’s resources actively defend their advantages. This is social control. Determining that one social class or group is more privileged then another. Control theory generally consists of four points, conflict built into society, one group becomes dominant, agreement is false, and conflict in society is desirable.
Based on the work of our author Mona Scott (2012), Functional theorists express being unequal and having unequal access to education, work opportunities and socio-economic status is fundamentally necessary for society to function, it is in the equality of distribu... ... middle of paper ... ...t to oppress another’s individual rights based on that morality of a functioning social construct? Works Cited Bensman, J., & Gerver, I. (1963). CRIME AND PUNISHMENT IN THE FACTORY: THE FUNCTION OF DEVIANCY IN MAINTAINING THE SOCIAL SYSTEM. American Sociological Review, 28(4), 588-598.
On the other hand Karl Marx, a conflict theorist, stresses that society is a complex system characterized by inequality and conflict that generate social change. Both Durkheim and Marx were concerned with the characteristics of groups and structures rather than with individuals. The functionalist perspective in society is a view of society that focuses on the way various parts of society have functions, or possible effects that maintain the stability of the whole. Durkheim developed the idea of society as an integrated system of interrelated parts. He wanted to establish how the various parts of society contribute to the maintenance of the whole.
From this we can understand that the theory shows that by grouping individuals based on their socio economic conditions, it exposes the various inequalities within society, yet proves to be necessary. The talents and skills of individuals are considered a tool according to the Davis and Moore’s theory. For this reason, it ensures that one’s skill will make them suitable for a position in society. To better understand this, we must understand Davis and Moore’s seven point labor and market theory to see the distinguishing factors, for example, ... ... middle of paper ... .... A critique focused on the degree of inequality is when the positions are determined to be “more important” because of the title that the position holds. For example; because a dentist makes over a certain amount of money than the average teacher, we cannot assume that the dentist is twice as more important than the teacher.
Each classical sociologist theory on stratification relates back to the unequal distribution of power, wealth, and status in society in various forms. The works of these cardinal sociologists brings forth contrasting theoretical perspectives towards the evolution of a fundamental theory to the contemporary perspective of society. Davis and Moore view stratification as a functioning mechanism in society as it serves an important purpose. Society must concern itself with particular conditions at two levels in order to functi... ... middle of paper ... ...rmations of Modern Social Thought. 2nd ed.
It is comprised of multiple theories involving gender, race, and economic inequalities. These theories support the idea of a ruling elite enforces social order on the weak and poor. The constant conflict and competition between classes cause society to keep changing. Karl Marx is considered the father of the conflict theory. Marx focused on the socioeconomic tension between classes and the exploitation of workers.
A sociological hierachy is put into place, where it clearly illustrates that, and also it expeandes Marx’s idea that the main conflict in society was economical. This theory forms a type of competition because in todays world not only does the conflict theory targets economics, but it also targets many important issues such as race, gender, religion, and politics. The conflict theory deals with the incompatible aspect in human society. Conflict theory has many different modes. Warfare and revolution is one of the conflict theory modes.
Social inequality is shown throughout the world from situations of race, ethnicity, gender, and age. These factors may dictate wealth, schooling, power, and prestige. The social conflict paradigm views the patterns that benefit some people more than it would others, due to their social standings. Karl Marx was a sociologist who embraced the social conflict paradigm. Marx made his main goal to not just understand society but to reduce social inequality.