hjk

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1.1. Background to the study Despite efforts and – in most countries successful developments - restructuring of agriculture and food industries is still far from being complete, particularly in the livestock sector. The competitiveness of agriculture and the agro-food chain in the candidate countries is generally much lower than the EU average. According to the European Union Commission (2012), the past 5 decades of EU existence have been dominated by a preeminent objective of eliminating trade related barriers among the member states. Key stakeholders believe that forming a single market for products, labor and financials will bolster the development of diverse facets of individual economies such as agriculture. This argument has also been shared by European Union Commission (2002) and Eade & Garapich (2009). Eade & Garapich (2009) expound further by indicating that creation of a single market and enlargement of the market through acceptance of new members enhance internal trade and employment. They justify this by arguing that there is synergy of efforts and economies of scale in a large group (EU) than individual countries (like Britain). This proposition has been consensually accepted among majority but not all EU policy makers. A plethora of studies have been conducted to justify their arguments (Ackrill, 2003; Bach, Frandsen & Jensen, 2005). Consequently, the EU has undertaken diverse enlargement programs where more members who believe in the vision and mission of the union are accepted. In particular, Bach, Frandsen & Jensen (2005) posit proceeding to 2004, negotiations with potential members such as Poland, Slovenia, Hungary, Cyprus, the Czech Republic and Estonia started in 2000. In the negotiation, chapter 7 of the ag... ... middle of paper ... ...ngs supported by arguments in past literature. Chapter V is a conclusion of the study exercise and highlighting of the recommendations, learning statement and future research. 1.6. Summary In summary, key EU members believe that forming a single market for products, labor and financials will bolster the development of diverse facets of individual economies such as agriculture. Consequently, the 2004 enlargement was a step towards achieving a robust large single market. The impact of the enlargement as far as the British agricultural sector is concerned is of interest in this study. Consequently, the aim of the study was to determine whether the impact of EU enlargement in 2004 was positive or negative as far as British agricultural sector is concerned. In the sequent discussion, further information on EU enlargement and agricultural sector performance is presented.

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