Cummings, S., & Hinnebusch, R. (2014). Empire and After: Toward a Framework for Comparing Empires and Their Consequences in the Post-Imperial Middle East and Central Asia. Journal Of Historical Sociology, 27(1), 103-131. doi:10.1111/johs.12022
In their study, Cummings & Hinnebusch, 2014, critically analyze the framework of the European imperialism, and its consequences in the region. Ideally, the study’s main purpose is to examine how post-imperialism has contributed to the war in the Middle East and Central Asia, and thus establish if European imperialism in the region set the stage for the conflict. The authors also assess the concerns of imperial transmissions for state formation, as well as variations in paths from empire to sovereignty which enhanced the degree of the conflict’s rupture.
Leighton, M. (2008). Middleman in the Middle East: America's Flawed Approach to the ‘Peace Process’. Orbis, 52(3), 391-402. doi:10.1016/j.orbis.2008.05.010
The ability of the Westerners to completely understand the conflict in the Middle East has been questioned based on America's flawed approach to the peace process. Leighton, 2008, attempts to examine President Bush’s optimism about a peace accord that was to put to an end the Arab-Israeli war. Basically, this article analyzes the proposal by the West to pressures Israel and the Arabs to end the war through the flawed peace process characterized by the Cold War-style attitudes and perceptions. Also, it demonstrates how the Hamas advocate for a short-term period of peaceful coexistence so as to strengthen its forces and lull Israel’s.
Mustafa, F. (2011). The Middle East Peace Process: Prospects. International Affairs: A Russian Journal Of World Politics, Diplomacy & International Rel...
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...lict resolution patterns that can be adopted in the future.
Zakariah, M. H. (2012). Oil, War and European Initiatives for Peace in the Middle East 1973–74: British Attitude and Perspective.Middle Eastern Studies, 48(4), 589-611. doi:10.1080/00263206.2012.682299
More than a few treaties have been brokered by the US, the Soviet Union and some European countries since the start of the Arab–Israeli wars in 1948, and this article examines some the causes of the wars as well as the success and limitations of various peace treaties. It’s a study by Zakariah, 2012, which seeks to look at how lasting peace settlement can be achieved in the Middle East. This is accomplished through an in-depth analysis of various peace settlements that have failed to deliver lasting peace in the Middle East. The author also addresses the question: Is oil a factor in the regional conflict?