history paper

comparative Essay
1986 words
1986 words

During the Middle Ages, governments provided only basic social services because of the lack of resources made available to it. This caused monasteries to step up and take a self-help group role in the community which resulted in the increased influence of the monastery in society. Understanding the reasons the government was not a powerful organization, what monasteries were, how they operated differently than a normal house hold, and realizing how important the self-help groups, created by these monasteries, were to the community, will be the topic of discussion. In Crone’s words, “the state was expected to provide a protective shell behind which the subjects could get on with their own lives, but not to regulate their activities or to take over their roles except in so far as enemies of the established order had to be quashed and wrong-doers to be restrained” (Crone, pg. 51). In pre-industrial societies, the government was very minimal, especially compared to our society today. There were many reasons for the minimal government, all of which come down to a lack of resources. As Crone states, the government was more of a protective shell rather than a governing body. Towns were very unique from each other, even though they were within the same borders. One main repercussion of this minimal government was self-help groups. Due to the lack of resources, the government was not able to lend a helping hand in times of distress. So, these self-help groups were run by members of a community for the members of the community. In pre-industrial times, governments lacked a variety of resources. According to Crone, the lack of monetary resources played a role. It was only too easy for a peasant to resist taxation, even if collectors were a... ... middle of paper ... ...wanted them to so they would no doubt start teaching these was to people very early in life. In conclusion, monasteries of Western Europe played a crucial role in societies they existed in. They provided services such as orphanages, hospitals, and provided food for the poor. Since the Church held powerful influence over the kingdoms of Western Europe religious monastic communities were self-sufficient, independent, and free from the control of monarchs. This freedom allowed monasteries to provide the self-help services to people which the state governments could not. Intern, it resulted in the increasing influence of monasteries over Europe. Nobel, T., Strauss, B., Osheim, D., Neuschel, K., Accampo, E., Roberts, D., et al. (2011). Medieval Civilization at It’s Height, 900-1300. Western Civilizations Beyond Boundaries (1 ed., ). Boston, 02210: Cengage Learning.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that monks and nuns lived a different life than the average person, but did some things in the same manner. they were not able to have families, and spent almost all of their time towards prayer and devotion towards god.
  • Explains that monasteries had a big impact on society for the people of the middle ages. they were the ones who set up the social norms.
  • Explains how the government was a protective shell rather than governing body, and how self-help groups were run by members of the community.
  • Explains that the roman statesman cassiodorus started education within the monastery in the 5th century. he wrote a book called "introduction to the divine and human readings."
  • Explains that the monastery of cluny was different from other monasteries because it was directly influenced by the pope while others were controlled by wealthy and powerful families.
  • Concludes that monasteries of western europe played a crucial role in societies they existed in. they provided services such as orphanages, hospitals, and provided food for the poor.
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