For example, abolishing slavery in the United States was unfair towards the South. The South’s economical state depended on the backs of the slaves. After all, slavery was a form of free labor that gave southern plantation owners an affordable way to mass produce. Slavery became so common that it was a dependent for the South (Arrington). Slavery in the eighteen hundreds was as important to southern plantations as cars are for most people today.
Late in the 18th century the land that people owned and used to grow tobacco had soon exhausted the land and caused the South to face an economic crisis. During the time of the crisis that the South was experiencing, the textile industry in England was leading to a huge demand for American cotton (Mason, 2006). American cotton was a southern crop whose production became limited because of the difficulty of removing the seeds from the raw cotton fibers by hand. In 1793, a young Yankee school-teacher whose name was Eli Whitney, invented the cotton gin and it was used to solidify the central importance that slavery had to the economy of the South (Hammond, 2012). Whitney’s device was shortly afterwards copied all over within only a few years.
The North and South had totally different cultures and economies making their opinions on certain topics vastly different, hence contributing to the start of the war. The Southern state’s economy relied on the use of slaves to run their plantation system that produced mainly tobacco and cotton. “The price of cotton, the South’s defining crop, had skyrocketed in the 1850s, and the value of slaves—who were, after all, property—rose commensurately” (The American Civil War). Therefore the South was thriving economically. “With different geographies and climates, the North and the South developed very different economies and lifestyles” (Biel 11).
2014. http://www.history.com/topics/18th-and-21st-amendments “Digital History.” Digital History. N.p.,n.d. Web. 10 Mar. 2014 http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/disp-textbook.cfm “Prohibition.” PBS PBS.
Antebellum South Carolina was a period considered to be between 1790 and the American civil war in 1861. In 1786 the cotton gin was created causing the cotton industry to increase its labor demand due to the increased harvest size on the plantations. Not only was the cotton industry in high demand but also so was rice harvesting causing South Carolina to become a heavily slave populated state. Image A and B both represent two periods of slavery during the antebellum South Carolina. Image A shows an advertisement for a slave sale in Charles Town South Carolina on the Ashley Ferry river, while image B shows an illustration of elderly domestic house servants looking after both white and black children.
In early America, cotton was an economic gold mine. The Chesapeake and Delaware bays have been home to cotton manufacturers from 1736 (Industry in America 1). In the early 1800’s, the slave trade facilitated the rise of “King Cotton”, which was the term for the use of slavery to harvest cotton. The Americans in the south desperately depended on cotton to be a sustainable economy; however, all the cotton grown would take a great deal of time for the plantation owners to harvest it. That’s where slavery steps in.
(n.d.). Retrieved February 25, 2014, from Port Citites: http://www.portcities.org.uk/london/server/show/ConNarrative.103/chapterId/2257/outputFormat/print/London-and-the-transatlantic-slave-trade.html The Book of Negroes. (2007). Retrieved March 17, 2014, from Haper Collins Canada: http://www.harpercollins.ca/books/Book-Negroes-Lawrence-Hill/?isbn=9781554681563 The Trianglular Trade. (2009).