hg

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Introduction In The Second Sex, Simone De Beauvoir had said that, “One is not born, but rather becomes, a woman” (1989 [1953, 267]). A “woman” is the product of the collective morality of the society that she lives in. she is also a product of the patriarchal institutions and her lack of access for power and resource in general. A woman’s body is stigmatized and her choices, which in some cases don’t fit the morality of that mescaline society, will be shamed and attacked. This limitation of women’s humanity generates negative emotional energy and less sense of worth; which lead them to support the same institutions that are dehumanizing them. Thus she is made a woman. On the other hand, this same source of negative energy can be used to generate social movements. Thus, she becomes a woman through that; a product of her past subordination and her new determination. . Women in general in this society are treated as mothers and wives first and private citizens with rights second (Nossiff 2007) In the United States the issue of abortion represents one of the most significant issues that captured the public interest and generated substantial amount of debates. The issue of abortion has occupied a central position in election in resent times; leading to significant amount of research, which was dedicated, to understand the effects citizens’ opinions on abortion will have on election. Most importantly, abortion was not only an issue on the national level; however, it became a major point of struggle for many women and activist on the local and state level for both sides, pro-life and pro-choice. One can refer to a the resent example of Wendy Davis’ eleven hours filibuster in the Texas state senate, where Davis, representative of distric... ... middle of paper ... ... opinion distribution to the same distribution at other points in time rather than comparing the current distribution to a "theoretical maximum" P400. He studied what he calls as the dispersion on opinion, which is based on population; the second factor is what is called Bimodality, which studies the effects of clusters; third, he studied the polarization based on social factors such as social positions. The data regarding the abortion questions came from the GSS for the years 1972 to 1998. Regarding religion, he used a scale which distinguishes between main-line Protestants, evangelical Protestants, Black Protestants, Catholics, Jews, the unaffiliated, and a fairly large and heterogeneous "other" category. However he had removed the Jews and other categories for their low N; he is interested in how people are mobilized against abortion using religious traditions.

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