hatshepsut

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“The pharaoh of ancient Egypt is normally described as the typical example of a divine ruler” (J. Ray, Hatshepsut, Vol 44, Issue 5, 1994) The ancient Egyptian world has seen hundreds of pharaohs; some excelled and some didn’t. Many of the pharaohs were men, only few females succeeded in gaining such great power, yet some did... specifically Hatshepsut. Few pharaohs of the 18Th Dynasty have aroused as much controversy as Hatshepsut. Hatshepsut was the sixth pharaoh of the New Kingdom and set up co-regency with her nephew and stepson, Thutmose III. (J. Lawless, Hatshepsut, a Personal Study, 2010) Hatshepsut created many junctions in history through politics, building programmes and military. This makes her so recognised in modern day studies, though almost all evidence of her existence has been partially or completely destroyed. Due to this many theories have been created about the standard of her reign. This is the orthodox theory due to the fact that there were no opposing conspiracies until recently. Hatshepsut was the first female pharaoh of Egypt. She reigned between 1473 and 1458 B.C. Her name means “foremost of noblewomen.” (O. Jarus, The First Female Pharaoh, 2013) Some sources state that queen Hatshepsut was the first great woman in recorded history; according to Jennifer Lawless she was the forerunner of such figures as Cleopatra, Catherine the Great and Elizabeth I. (J. Lawless, Personalities of the past. Pg. 33-34), yet other sources testify. Hatshepsut came to power at the death of her husband, Thutmose Il. She denied her nephew's claim to the throne and stated Amun-Ra had spoken and declared that she would be Pharoah. “She dressed like Pharoah, even wearing a fake beard to give traditional image of a King to her peo... ... middle of paper ... ... quarries at Aswan.” they also note that the middle terrace contains an “unusual group of painted reliefs” showing a trading expedition to the land of Punt.(Ian Shaw Oxford University Press, 2003). All these aspects of the building show hatshepsuts some of the forms of propaganda she used, By making herself an icon and an idol to the people of Egypt. Hatshepsut may not have been the archetypal pharaoh, but she did create a number of junctions in history; her accession, with and without Thutmose II, and her foreign policies. Her use of morale propaganda as a tool to gain political power was also a junction, along with her building and trade programs. She adopted the role of pharaoh through gender specific dress code. Hatshepsut was very controversial, especially due to the lack of evidence to justify her rule, yet she was still a great pharaoh of the 18th dynasty.

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