Satisfactory Essays
Hayek central values was liberty, by which he meant that “ the coercion some by others is reduced as much as possible in society.” To Hayek liberty is the ability to make decisions on what we shall use to make the circumstance to which one finds their self. As well as the individual being able to behave in such a manner, where material circumstance enables us to make certain choices. Therefore for him the individual’s material circumstance is not applicable when concerning in the matter of one freedom. Based on these views that Hayek has put forward in Constitution of Liberty goes completely against government intervention and social welfare state. Whilst on the other hand Rawl’s theory of justice is derived from his interpretation of the social contract, where he defines the conception of justice as fairness. Rawls argues that justice consists of the basic principles of governance, where free and rational beings are individuals who should theoretical agree on some census of a perfect equality. His theory of justice is seen to revolve around two main principles, which he believes would create a just as well a moral society. These fundamental principles are to him a guarantee social order as well maintains social justice. The first principle is about ensuring that everyone individual is given the most basic resources to ensure the compatibility with others of the society. The second principle speaks of creating a context to which social and economic positions. Both theorist have different interpretations of the liberty that and individual has and due to this creating major differences in how they view society as a whole as well as the individual , government’s role in society , justice , freedom and social good and or social we... ... middle of paper ... ...asic structure of society. His concepts of this is that justice is fairness , for society’s based upon social institutions being fair to all cooperating individuals of society, regardless of their race , gender , religion, class origin. “Rawls also emphasizes publicity as an aspect of fairness. In what he calls a well-ordered society the principles that order the basic structure are publicly known to do so, and the justifications for these principles are knowable by and acceptable to all reasonable citizens. The idea behind publicity is that since the principles for the basic structure will be coercively enforced, they should stand up to public scrutiny. The publicity condition requires that a society's operative principles of justice be neither esoteric nor ideological screens for deeper power relations: that in “public political life, nothing need be hidden.”