The Encyclopedia of the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars: A Political, Social, and Military History. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, 2006. Print. Peterson-Bennett, Barbara. "Metternich, Klemens Wenzel Lothar Fürst (1773-1859)."
The reign of Louis XVI would further this debt, while also creating a greater divide between the estates of France by placing the heavy burden of repaying much of the new debt on the poorest class of France, the Third Estate. Participation in another war, only ten years prior to the French Revolution would create even more debt for France as they entered the American War of Independence, again with funding from loans that would need to be paid soon thereafter. Throughout this period of debt creation within France, society worsened in many ways due to the inability of the nation, from royalty to the Third Estate, to evolve economically, socially and agriculturally. With this overall sense of decline throughout France, a nearly unanimous desire amongst France’s Third Estate, the most populous, was to pa... ... middle of paper ... ...onomic Origins of the French Revolution: Poverty or Prosperity? Lexington: D. C. Heath and Company, 1958.
In a time of great dispute and confusion, it took the courage of one man to rise up against the opposition and throw out the revolutionary ideas. The French Revolution started in 1789 and concluded in 1799, but the revolution began due to the unrest of the peasantry and the supposed treasonous acts committed by King Louis XVI. As a result, the social classes revolted against the King and this led to his execution, which left France without a leader until Napoleon Bonaparte took control of the revolutionaries and became the ruler. Although, Napoleon Bonaparte’s reforms as head of France did not reflect revolutionary ideas and therefore he was not a child of the revolution. One example of this can be found in the government established by Napoleon because although the French Revolution pushed for a government with distributed power, Napoleon used a dictatorship.
During the eighteenth century, France was one of the most richest and prosperous countries in Europe, but many of the peasants were not happy with the way France was being ruled. On July 14, 1789, peasants and soldiers stormed the Bastille and initiated the French Revolution. This essay will analyze the main causes of the French Revolution, specifically, the ineffectiveness of King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette, the dissatisfaction of the Third Estate, and the Enlightenment. It will also be argued that the most significant factor that caused the French Revolution is the ineffective leadership of King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette. The first and main reason for the French Revolution was the terrible leadership of King Louis XVI and Queen Marie Antoinette.
One of the biggest revolts throughout history is the French Revolution because of the changes it costed, and it was powerful enough to change the political status of the time. It began from 1789 due to many major causes that included economic and political crisis and lasted till 1794. When French people rose against king Louis XV and his wife, Marie Antoinette, they ultimately ended up killing both of them and throwing France into chaos. Since France had suffered financially, most people faced starvation and economic difficulties. Also, absolutism was one of the biggest factors of the French Revolution because Louis’s regime did not support the ideology of equality and individuals did not have all the freedom that they ought to have had.
The French Revolution began in 1789 and ended in 1792, though certain people include Napoleon’s reign as part of the revolution, stating it ended in 1804. It was a time of confusion, disorder, and bloodshed. The commoners of France decided that they were being treated unjustly and planned to overthrow their king. The French Revolution was a long and terrible war, which promoted democracy and equality for the people of France and resulted, not only in the death of Marie Antoinette and King Louis XVI, but with France becoming a more liberal country. This essay will investigate causes of the French Revolution such as enlightenment ideas, taxation and economical problems, and the political system of the time.
The French revolution was a major contributor to the Whigs lack of political success as it ont only weakened the party due to loss of members but also due to the exposure internal party problems. Unable to recover after the events between 1783 and 1815 the Whig party, in contrast to Pitt’s success posed no competition to challenge the Tory office.
This philosophy was able to gain traction because the people of both countries had grown tired of being repressed by their respective monarchs. Both countries were facing social and economic troubles that led the common people of each area to revolt and take power into their own hands. Even though England and France were two of the dominant world powers at the time, they had been considerably weakened by the Seven Years War (the part of the conflict that took place in America is known as the French and Indian War). The political climate in France was more volatile than in America as the French had been on the losing side of the war and much of the fighting on the European front had taken place there. Almost all of the fighting on the American continent had taken place in New France (which would one day become Canada), leaving the Colonies relatively unscathed.
However, all of these assumptions may be partially true, but not the whole truth and therefore, are all wrong. The French Revolution occurred because of a series of dependent occurrences that led to the culmination of the members from the bourgeoisie storming the Bastille in July and the overthrowing of the monarchy and the nobility. The French Revolution began not because of one single, particular act like overthrowing a government or agitating the lower classes, but a combination of those reasons listed above and others not mentioned in this introduction but that will be addressed later in this paper. This paper will be separated into two portions, the first of which deals with the first dependent factor leading up the rush for arms—the economic crisis in France, the old regime, fiscal reformations, the National Assembly, and the effects all three had on the third estate, or bourgeoisie. The second portion will be dedicated to more immediate cause of the war—the Estates-General, and what that event means in reference to the rise ... ... middle of paper ... .../www.jstor.org/stable/1898720.