When China totally regains its territories, such as Hong Kong, they plan on being a dominant world power once again. China’s main goal is to become a major player in world politics, more specifically the main player. In sorts they wish to be in the same position as the United States; they wish to be involved in all major political decisions and actions around the globe. They want governments to feel the need to ‘o.k.’ their actions with them before they commit to their actions. To do this they must have military power as well as economic power.
Introduction The United States and China have had a long history of international relations, from enemies to competitors. China’s Global presence has become imperative in the future of polarity. Prior to the 2008 financial crisis the US and China had strong relations; yet the US adapted to a unilateral foreign policy approach focusing on “The War on Terror,” distancing themselves bilaterally. Cooperation or conflict with the United States (US) and China will depend on foreign policy implemented by each country. The security presence in the Association of the Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and Japan as well as, a multilateral focus on interdependence will determine such policy.
Is China a peer competitor or a rival? Application of Liberal and Realist Theories in the U.S. - China Relations China’s long-term goal to transform itself into a major world power presents a fundamental security challenge to the United States. As the world’s only superpower, how should the United States handle China’s rise in a way that avoids the potential for conflict? The fundamental answer to this question lies in the competing liberal and realist theories of international relations.
China’s rapid rise will shake the balance of Power that The US has been enjoyed. It is possible that the balance of the system might be disturbed again if China decided to use its power to challenge the United States, or possibly in a worst- case scenario, engage in military conflict. There are many opinions about the rise of China, some are supportive and some are skeptical. Those that are supportive argue that the rise of China will give rise to a new era of international politics because of the globalized world. Those that are skeptical argue that China will seek to take the throne of US hegemony and therefore international conflict will be unavoidable.
We have seen this before in the Cold War with the Soviet Union. 2. Both China’s goals and India’s goals are incompatible with US goals which will inherently lead to conflict 3. Increasing Chinese power will lead to more ambitious Chinese goals (or may not). This goes the same for India.
There is a delicate balancing act a country must be aware of when it is a military superpower. A superpower must exercise extreme care to protect their economic superiority, advance their foreign policies, and project their military might all while working to advance the global system. Enticing China to become a responsible pillar of the global system will be one of the greatest challenges of coming decades for the United States and the Western world-particularly since it appears for the moment China is uninterested in playing such a role. This is the unique situation the United States and China find themselves in, with so many mutual interests, and as the global economy begins to slow, challenges such as: China’s increase in military spending and foreign tension which is rising throughout the Pacific region, highlight the importance of the U.S./China political and military cooperation. However, China’s economic agreements with neighboring countries, the U.S. and Chinese trade deficit, Chinese foreign policies and military growth, and current U.S. Presidential relations with Beijing all play a decisive role in shaping these two military superpowers.
Even USA prepared itself for the Nuclear confrontation with the USSR, due to Cuban Missile Crises. The reason why I went back to historical events was to prove a point that – The Threat to the NATIONAL SECURITY of a country increases Manifold, if the Adversary lies to its immediate NEIGHBORHOOD/Geographical proximity. Therefore India’s security is and will be under severe stress because of “Rise of China”. At present China’s economic and military capabilities vis-à-vis India are far more superior. But at the same time India along with west (USA) would be its b... ... middle of paper ... ...al boundaries, and has fought number of wars for the same.
China and India rising to power makes us think of a world where it will not just look less American, it will also look less liberal. Not only is the United States' prominence will pass away, but so, too, its open and rule-based international order that the country has adopted since the 1940s. In this view, newly powerful states are beginning to advance their own ideas and agendas for global order, and a weakened United States will find it harder to defend the old system. Here we are taking as a given that the liberal world order gets modified and not completely dissolved. Imagine a world where China is the hegemon and pushes the world order towards a more autocratic world order, both politically and economically.
In this regard, foreign policy is basically the representation of national interest as well as the value of the nation. However, the realist approach strongly put emphasize on primacy of national interests, sovereignty and survival of the nation above morality, ideology or value. Probably there will be some intervention from international organizations to influence the conflict dynamic but their influence is negligible because states are the main actors in the interaction of nations in international arena. In order to predict the dynamic relation between China and India in the future using realist approach, first of all we need to understand the primary interests of both countries. The Primary Interests of China China successfully improves its economy since liberalization policy in 1979.
After explaining what China planned to do in answer to the ruling she then went on to explain many other options that would not cause issues between China and the surrounding countries. One way she demostrated this was by stating to keep the situation from escalating, countries must follow the new rules set by the court if they want others to “uphold them” (Hooper). The theoretical perspective Hooper is using is realism. She is using realism by showing China has a large amount of power and are using this to build up their military. This theory leads back to her argument.