Some policymakers in the USA stated that China is increasingly assertive have perpetuated this assertion (Acemoglu and James 34). They further indicate that an assertive China is likely to support abusive regimes in its self-interest, threaten war, and support policies that do not depict international cooperation while ignoring global objectives such as sustainability of the environment and public health. Any country that rises to the position of being a superpower should be able to take over the responsibilities associated with a superpower, especially promoting global peace and international cooperation. China is proving to be a dangerous superpower because its ideologies and policies on international issues do not show a rational superpower. In the book, Why Nations Fail, Acemoglu and James (20) assert that China’s leaders are “extractive” characterized by corruption and parasitism.
The Domino Theory Since the rise of communism, the United States has been at odds with the idea of the communist system. Americans feared that nations such as China, Russia and other eastern European countries that embraced communist ideals would attempt to influence other countries economically and militarily. These fears, suspicions and negative attitude towards communism lead to the development of the Domino Theory; A “domino effect suggests that some change, small in itself, will cause a similar change nearby, which then will cause another similar change, and so on in linear sequence, by analogy to a falling row of dominoes standing on end” ("Domino Theory." Martin Frost's Former Web Site). This theory predicted that, like dominos, nations would fall to communism in a domino-like chain reaction.
The Communist Manifesto described the " conquest of political power by the proletariat " as the objective of the Communist. " The fundamentals of the CCP were originally based on extreme ‘leftist' views that centered around the proletariat. The party would virtually work for the victory of socialism in China while at the same time, looking to dismiss capitalism. Mao Zedong, one of the fou... ... middle of paper ... ...ve all presently or over time worked against China flourishing into the new world of capitalism and free enterprise. In order for China to succeed and reach the ‘harmony' its Confucian ideology promises, Marxism, nationalism and sinocentrism must all be abandoned in the attempt to reach a democratic, capitalist lifestyle and business practice.
Essentially, the Communist Party has affected China by influencing the politics, the culture, the media, and the economy. On May Fourth, a group of students attempted to overthrow the dynasty system China had been ruled by for centuries of a new concept the Chinese did not fully understand: Communism. Not only would this work, but it would drastically change the way the Chinese viewed politics. As soon as Mao Zedong came into power in 1949, the Communist Party and he strived to eliminate the class based hierarchy that had been apparent in the dynasties b... ... middle of paper ... ...m despite the failed communal form of economy enacted by Chairman Mao. Perhaps civilization has been class-based throughout the history of civilization, but through the Communist Party, Chairman Mao could have finally achieved his dream.
Mao's Success with Domestic Policies After Mao had defeated the Nationalists he was aware of the instability of communism in china. He aimed of stabilizing china by dividing it into six main regions also called the Organic Law of 1949, each was governed by a Bureau including four major officials : Chairman, party secretary, military commander and political commissar. The last two officials were members of the PLA, which effectively left china under army control but also Mao hoped that through these actions he would be able to stabilize communist China. Nevertheless, Mao had to adopt force in order to control china. Since Mao had send his officials also in regions in which communism was not welcome.
He had the mentality that military strategies would help the country. The creation of the people party was in fact not faced with completely a positive view. With the land reforms that were to be in place against landlords he viewed these people as the ones that would not help the revolution moved forward. One of the campaigns that he did was the Great Leap Forward the main goal of this was to help china economically and help make the communist party more publicized. The main goal was to take from the landlord and wealthy peasant and give to the poor it is almost a Robin Hood mentality.
Being an intellectual, Mao knew China lacked an urban proletariat but still recognised the effectiveness of Marxist policies, leading to the development that the peasantry would be the ‘natural harbingers’ of revolution. By including the masses in the political, economic, cultural and ideological affairs within China, an optimistic relationship wa... ... middle of paper ... ...the regime. The development of Maoism was a result of a long and thoughtful process, which evolved from traditional Marxism. Despite being a great supporter of Marxist theory, Mao’s own political views were heterogeneous and not strictly Marxist. The main components of Maoism, including peasant revolt and following the mass line, guerrilla tactics and army organisation, political reforms and economic and social reforms, were perhaps the solution to China’s complications explaining the popularity of the Communist regime within provincial areas.
The alliance between the two leading communist powers devolved into public denunciations, accusations of ideological impurity, and ultimately military conflict (Tudda 30). After the death of Joseph Stalin, Nikita Khrushchev began the process of Destalinization. This action aroused the suspicion of Mao Zedong, who questions the Soviet's ideological purity. The Soviet, similarly, questioned the PRC's government, "heral... ... middle of paper ... ...e of these three things could result from the US withdrawal: Japan could re-arm, Japan could come into the Chinese orbit, or Japan could be under the Soviet orbit (MacMillan 233). Chou backed down.
Ultimately, the US will be unable to keep Saigon out of communist control, which may have been a sign of severe strategic mistakes. The true path to Communist victory goes beyond US military planning and execution. The US was forced to carefully balance military objectives with world diplomacy. The entrance of China or the USSR into the war could have catapulted it to a scale beyond any side was prepared for. True victory would have been a sustaining South Vietnam so that it could protect itself from continued Communist invasion.
China with North Vietnam alongside the Soviet Union influence over Eastern Europe certainly gave the world a sneak peak to what they might be d... ... middle of paper ... ...ica got involved to stop the elections so it won’t cause any harm to the citizens, even though it caused more harm. The United States taught they had the right to interfere in the political affairs of other countries in order to protect themselves. Works Cited "Conflict in Vietnam." Conflict in Vietnam. N.p., n.d.