eating disorder

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The research data on the roles of media, peers and family raise the question on which is the main cause of eating disorders development in adolescence. These factors have explicit emotional, psychological and social impact on teens, leading them to adopt unhealthy eating habits. For media, it plays an excessive role in the socialization of adolescents. Movies, TV, and the web provide teens with a window into prevalent culture which have shown to promote society ideal standards (to be thin) and measures of beauty through media materials. These platforms also provide dieting methods and diet foods that encourages adolescents to mimic, adopt and purchase by associating if an individual is skinny, he or she would be successful and happy (Yamamiya, Cash, Melnyk, Posavac. H and Posavac, S, 2005). Hence, media may be the primary cause of teenagers developing eating disorders because it creates the pressure to meet unrealistic beauty standards through establishments of expectation on appearance which leads to higher body dissatisfaction within adolescents. Yet, it may be an overstatement for media to be the main cause as media may not necessarily influence adolescents to be dissatisfied with their body and thus, resort to unhealthy eating habits to attain their ideal body. Instead, adolescents with body dysmorphic can look for magazines and other media channels and not the predicted inverse correlation (Field et. al, 2008; Holmstrom, 2004). With that, there is thus, inconsistent and little data that proves media is the direct cause of eating disorder development in adolescence. Peers are a medium that underpins the ideas of physical perfection via group conformity and verbal exchanges on the evaluation and acceptance of adolescents. As... ... middle of paper ... ...arental high concern and adolescent-onset anorexia nervosa. A case—control study to investigate direction of causality. British Journal of Psychiatry, 176, 132 -137. Schutz, H. K., & Paxton, S. J. (2007). Friendship quality, body dissatisfaction, dieting, and disordered eating in adolescent girls. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 46(1), 67-83. Vandereycken, W. (1995). The families of patients with an eating disorder. In Eating Disorders and Obesity: A Comprehensive Handbook (eds K. D. Brownell & C. G. Fairburn), pp. 219-223. New York: Guilford. Yamamiya, Y., Cash, F, T., Melnyk, E, S., Posavac, D, H., & Posavac, S. S. (2005) Introduction. Women’s exposure to thin-and-beautiful media images: body image effects of media-ideal internalization and impact-reduction interventions: Introduction. Body Image, 2(1), 74–80. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2004.11.001

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