Utterson begins his expedition with a cursory examination inward for his own demons. Utterson scrutinizes his own conscience, "and the lawyer, scared by the thought, br... ... middle of paper ... ... hide him, and Jekyll must ultimately be his own murderer to avoid full disclosure of the duality of his personality. Stevenson is not only revealing human nature’s deeply intertwined double nature; he is also castigating Victorian hypocrisy. The doctor could not unite his role as a respectable and famous doctor with his passions and secret instincts, so he did not accept the multiple sides of his personality and tried to separate them, without success. The clash becomes the image of the contrast between oppression and pure pleasure, between firm control and too much freedom.
Then on the other hand is the 'superego', your conscience and morality, with the "floater" between the two, the 'ego'. Jekyll stresses that, "man is not truly one, but truly two." This all links to the theme of hypocrisy in Victorian society. Jekyll admits, "...and it was as a secret sinner that I at last fell before the assaults of temptation." Stevenson tries to reveal the double lives that were being lived around this era.
. if I could rightly be said to be either, it was only because I was radically both” (Stevenson 41). There are two personalities struggling within Dr. Jekyll. In this book, the battle between good and evil rages within Dr. Jekyll and focuses on his duel personalities. Dr. Jekyll is Mr. Hyde; Mr. Hyde is just a ruse to hide behind.
As Mr Utterson investigates and is entangled further into the life of Dr. Jekyll, he uncovers a story so horrific, so terrifying, that he is shocked. In the final chapter, Jekyll confesses in a full statement, that he has led a double life, his researches into separating his personality into good and evil, and the gradual ascendancy of evil and monstrous Mr Hyde over hypocritical Dr Jekyll. This transformation though, one day becomes involuntary and Jekyll is unable to reverse it because he has run out of the original batch of special chemical solutions. As the truth is about to surface, tragic events occur that end the whole situation dramatically and decisively. The themes which Robert Louis Stevenson addresses in his novel ‘The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde’ include, right versus wrong, joy versus despair, good versus evil, science versus God and morality versus immorality.
The reader is draw to the wishes of Dr. Jekyll, each person wants to better themselves and each person finds themselves straying from the correct path in life. In trying to better mankind, Jekyll destroyed the decent man he was before. The reader is drawn to the plot of The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde through the literary devices Stevenson employs. Foreshadowing displays the sense of mystery throughout the novel, the foreshadowing of the actions of Mr. Hyde leaves the reader wondering what will happen next. The ironic nature of Dr. Jekyll relates to the reader as a person, no person is completely perfect and Dr. Jekyll exhibits the natural wants and desires of humans.
The cultural and historical context of the text is typical of the author but not his time because there was a contradiction between Science and religion and this novella scared people about possibilities of evil. Victorian values at this time were very strict and those people who broke them were looked down on in the social order. Jekyll was the perfect upright Victorian man, he was tall, well mannered, rich and had earned his place in society. Hyde on the other hand was short, ugly and evil. Because Jekyll is so good he needs something to take his mind off his "9 tenths life of relentless struggling and grinding".
In reality they are the same person but Mr. Hyde is just an excuse to commit sins and 'evil '. In 'Henry Jekyll’s full statement of the case ', Jekyll writes about his past and of his frustration at Victorian society. Before he was able to turn into Hyde, Jekyll was a very respected and well-liked scientist. Jekyll committed sins as himself and as a result he did not feel happy about this and decided that he did not want this evil to be a part of him. This eventually led to Jekyll creating a potion that would make him turn into Hyde.
Human nature: Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, by author Robert Louis Stevenson is a novel about a man who struggles with social conviction and finds a less than perfect way to solve it. Dr. Jekyll cultivates a potion with an impurity that splits his respectable, socially acceptable self from the side that wants to act on every impulse. An example that shows the difference between the two personalities is the quote “even as good shone upon the countenance of [Jekyll], evil was written broadly and plainly on the face of [Hyde]”(131). Stevenson uses quotes like this throughout the novel to display the theme of human nature by showing that even the most respectable and honored man of society is human and succumbs to his selfish needs. A few ways this is shown is through other characters such as Mr. Utterson, Mr. Enfield, and Dr. Lanyon.
Moriarty is able to become a true trickster buy using his drive to best Sherlock Holmes and publicly disgrace him through powers of situation inversion, shape-shifting, bricoleur, and an anomalous nature that become so convincing the public, along with the hero are never sure what his next step will be. Hynes theory of ambiguity and anomaly characterizes Moriarty because every move he makes has a flair for the dramatic, acting on the outs of social and cultural norms, and promoting only his own agenda. Moriarty is unafraid to kill, mame, and torture others emotionally and physically to fulfill his desire of beating Sherlock Holmes. Acting as a “criminal consultant” Moriarty is responsible for most of the crimes in the series as either a sponsor, informant, or mastermind. Moriarty is a psychopath with dark tendencies appearing... ... middle of paper ... ...he personified “dark side’ of Sherlock Holmes; whereas Holmes created the job “consulting detective” Moriarty became a “consulting criminal.” While tricksters most commonly are devilish jokers, Moriarty plays the crucial role of motivating the hero.
Soon, Utterson begins having dreams in which a faceless figure stalks through a nightmarish version of London. Puzzled, the lawyer visits Jekyll and their mutual friend Dr. Lanyon to try to learn more. Lanyon reports that he no longer sees much of Jekyll, since they had a dispute over the course of Jekyll's research, which Lanyon calls "unscientific balderdash." Curious, Utterson stakes out a building that Hyde visitswhich, it turns out, is a laboratory attached to the back of Jekyll's home. Encountering Hyde, Utterson is amazed by how undefinably ugly the man seems, as if deformed, though Utterson cannot say exactly how.