Satisfactory Essays
Our modern life is full of illnesses, and diseases. Each disorder has its main causes, its effects on our body, and its own treatment. Most of these illnesses have been in our world for a long time. However, our life styles with its inorganic food, stress, and bad habits have assisted these diseases to develop, and to spread faster than before. One of these diseases is Diabetes. Diabetes can be defined as a metabolic disease in which the body's inability to produce any or enough insulin causes elevated levels of glucose in the blood. It can lead to a lot of other sickness such as heart diseases, high blood pressure, and blindness. Even though most of these illnesses happen after having diabetes for a long time, the change in glucose levels in the body can cause a coma, or even death (Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia). There are 25.8 million children, and adults in the United States living with diabetes, which represent 8.3 percent of the population according to the American Diabetes Association. Diabetes has many types. However, we can divide them into three different categories: Diabetes type 1, Diabetes type 2, Gestational diabetes, and other type of diabetes. These three types have similar symptoms such as frequent urination, losing weight, and vision changes (Judd). However, each type differs from the other by the kind of people it Infects, the factors that cause it, and the way it can be treated.
Type 1 is also known as Insulin-dependent Diabetes. It happens when the pancreas release less amount of insulin than the proper amount, which causes changes the rate of sugars in the blood. The pancreas ability of giving insulin keeps on decreasing until it stops. At that point people who have this type of diabetes can on...

... middle of paper ...

.... However, its complications can be reduced through proper awareness and timely treatment. Three major complications are related to blindness, kidney damage and heart attack. It is important to keep the blood glucose levels of patients under strict control for avoiding the complications. One of the difficulties with tight control of glucose levels in the blood is that such attempts may lead to hypoglycemia that creates much severe complications than an increased level of blood glucose. Researchers now look for alternative methods for diabetes treatment. The goal of this paper is to give a general idea of the three main categories of diabetes, and to talk about what cause it, and how it can be treated. I certainly believe that diabetes is one of the highly demanding research topics of the new century and wants to encourage new researchers to take up the challenges.
Get Access