Diabetes is a life-long disease marked by elevated levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. It can be caused by too little insulin (a chemical produced by the pancreas to regulate blood sugar), resistance to insulin, or both. Approximately 2.7 million or 11.4% of all African Americans aged 20 years or older have diabetes. However, one-third of them do not know it. The most life-threatening consequences of diabetes are heart disease and stroke, which strike people with diabetes more than twice as often as they do others.
The damage to the body type two diabetes can cause is over time, high glucose levels in the blood can damage the nerves and small blood vessels of the eyes, kidneys, and heart and lead to atherosclerosis, or hardening of the arteries that can cause heart attack and stroke. When dehydration happens the buildup of sugar in the blood can cause an increase in urination, causing dehydration. One of the more serious states of type two diabetes is a diabetic coma and this happened when glucose builds up in the bloodstream. When a person with type 2 diabetes becomes very sick or seriously dehydrated and cannot drink enough fluids to make up for the fluid they can cause life-threatening complications for th... ... middle of paper ... ...mbness, deep pain, digestive problems, bladder infections, erectile dysfunction, rapid heart rate, light hardheadedness while standing up. Foot ulcers and amputations are serious complications.
Diabetes Nearly 16 million people in the United States have diabetes, the disease classified as a problem with insulin. The problem could be that your body does not make insulin, does not make enough, or it simply does not know how to use it properly. Diabetes is also known as "diabetes mellitus". There are many types of diabetes. The two I will be discussing are type 1 and type 2.
The pancreas responds by producing more and more insulin, which eventually begins to build up in your blood. High levels of insulin in the blood-a condition called insulin resistance-may cause problems such as high blood pressure and harmful changes in the levels of different fats (cholesterol) in your blood. Insulin resistance, the hallmark of what doctors sometimes refer to as "syndrome X,"... ... middle of paper ... ...betes, up to 21 percent show some degree of blindness. The most common type of eye disease that diabetics get is retinopathy. Retinopathy is caused by damage to the blood vessels that nourish the retinal nerves.
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic and life threatening disease that has become a major health problem worldwide. In the United States, Diabetes is the leading cause of health complications, including new cases of blindness, end stage liver disease, and leg or foot amputation (Rosdahl, 2008). According to the American Diabetes association, 25.8 million children and adults in the United States have diabetes. In 2007, diabetes was listed as the underlying cause on 71,382 death certificates and was listed as a contributing factor on an additional 160,022 death certificates. Diabetes Mellitus is a metabolic disorder in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin, resulting in high blood sugar.
Diabetes affects 18.2 million people in the United States. It is often referred to by doctors as diabetes mellitus and described as, “… a metabolic disease in which the person has high blood sugar …” (Collazo- Clavell et all. 2009), either because the insulin is inadequate or the body’s cells don’t respond well to the insulin. The health and economic consequences of diabetes are considerable. The majority of people that have diabetes live in low and middle income countries, where the prevalence of the disease is high.
Lastly, there may be complications for Type I diabetes. Since the levels of glucose are high, it can damage organs. Eyes, kidney, and nerves can be damaged. It may also provoke heart and blood vessels more likely. In Type II diabetes, three types of problems can occur such as high blood glucose, low blood glucose, and complicati... ... middle of paper ... ...with diabetes have blood sugar problems, meal planning for sugar control, and excising is just one method of treatment for diabetes.
Even then, one’s death is often attributed to other things such as heart disease, stroke, or kidney failure. Type 2 diabetes is a serious disease that causes the body to become insulin resistant, hindering the body’s ability to process sugar, and it can be largely attributed to lifestyle choices and genetic factors. Diabetes is the sixth leading cause of death, but this statistic is skewed in that the primary cause of death in individuals with diabetes is not from diabetes itself but rather from the complications of the disease. Type 2 diabetes differs from type 1 diabetes in that one’s body continues to produce insulin, but one’s body either uses insulin ineffectively or one’s cells do not respond correctly to insulin. This insulin resistance prevents glucose from entering the body’s cells, and this causes glucose to build up in the blood stream.
Diabetes This disease is caused by defective carbohydrate metabolism. It causes large amounts of sugar in the blood and urine. It can damage the kidneys, heart, eyes, limbs, and endanger pregnancy. About five percent of the United States population has it and about half are undiagnosed. A diabetic that is treated life span is lowered by one-third There are two types of diabetes.
What is diabetes? Diabetes mellitus is a group of diseases characterized by high levels of blood glucose resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both. Diabetes can be associated with serious complications and premature death, but persons with diabetes can take measures to reduce the likelihood of such occurrences. 15.7 million people -- 5.9% of the population -- have diabetes. But only 10.3 million people are diagnosed so that leaves 5.4 million people not diagnosed.