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3.2. Renewable energy production and consumption Renewable energy sources are now unequally and insufficiently exploited in Romania, even though many of them are plentifully available, and have good economic potential. The primary production of renewable energy in Romania by types of sources is presented in Table 5 and Fig. 13. Table 5 Primary production of renewable energy in Romania by types of sources (ktoe) Source: EUROSTAT [67] Renewable energy source 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Hydro 1283.1 1379.7 1140.1 1419.9 1737.5 1578.3 1372.8 1478.5 1335.7 1709.6 1266.4 1037.5 Wind 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.3 0.4 0.8 26.3 119.3 227 Solar thermal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 0.1 0 0.1 Solar photovoltaic 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 0.7 Geothermal 5.5 17.4 18 13.5 17.9 17.8 19.6 25.2 23.6 23 23.8 23.3 Biomass 2130.2 2351.3 2844.3 3160.3 3228.9 3234.9 3325 3831.9 3914.6 3949.3 3617.9 3953.6 Total 3418.8 3748.4 4002.4 4593.7 4984.3 4831 4717.7 5336 5274.8 5708.3 5027.5 5242.2 Fig. 13. Primary production of renewable energy in Romania by types of sources (ktoe) (author, based on [67]) The primary production of renewable energy in Romania had a positive evolution in the period 2001-2012 (from 3418.8 ktoe in 2001 to 5242.2 ktoe in 2012), but the principally used renewable sources were biomass and hydro, while wind and geothermal energy had a small contribution to the production. However, in 2011 and 2012, due to the fast development of wind market, the wind production has greatly increased as compared to the previous years (from 0.3 ktoe in 2007 to 227 ktoe in 2012). Regarding the energy consumption, Table 6 shows the final energy consumption and the gross inland renewable energy consumption, which reflect the trend in developin... ... middle of paper ... ...270 85 108 80 62 47 83 69 80 Solar Photovoltaic 3500 1870 1344 38 26 23 10 17 9 16 17 16 One of the reasons of the development of renewable energy in Romania is the implementation of various measures stipulated in the legislation and other documents, such as strategies or action plans. Within its national strategies for the promotion of renewable energy, Romania’s targets are to reduce the primary energy intensity and to increase the share of electricity produced from renewable resources in the national gross electricity consumption. These objectives are achievable only through significant investments in the refurbishment, upgrading and rehabilitation of energy production capacities, in expansion/upgrading of transport and distribution grids, in energy efficiency equipment at the end-user and in environmental protection (including renewable energy sources support).

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