dd

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Developmental disabilities affect over 2% of the United States population. These disabilities can affect a person’s ability to perform basic tasks independently. Both cognitive and physical limitations bring cause for the allocation of different services that cannot be delivered within the family-home setting and are to be provided by privately and state-funded non-for-profit organizations. In these programs it is important that those with disabilities are treated as important members of society while catering to the ailments that limit the body’s functions of everyday living. Western New York has a diverse population and it is important to recognize special needs adults. There are a unique set of problems when dealing with non-for-profit organizations and properly allocating the services to everyone in need. Due to constraints in funding, gaps occur where services are not being appropriately distributed or are not large enough to meet the needs of the region. It becomes the planners’ job to design both with the restrictions of living with a disability in mind as well as with the constraints of funding. A developmental disability is described as according to the Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act as an affliction that originated at birth or during childhood, that is expected to continue indefinitely, and substantially restricts an individual from functioning in major life activities. Autism, brain injuries, Cerebral Palsy, Downs Syndrome, Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Mental Retardation are all examples of a developmental disability that may affect someone. Over 6 million individuals or, 2% of the United States population is affected by a developmental disability. There is a high level of care needed for th... ... middle of paper ... ...self-esteem are encouraged. Following rules and obeying laws are important as well as avoiding victimization. Finally, practical skills are taught which include accomplishing daily living activities like dressing, toileting, eating and preparing meals, taking medication appropriately, using public transportation and occupational skills. It is clear not everyone with a disability will be able to accomplish every skill to the same capacity of someone without. However, many times disabled adults are able to maintain enough skills to live independently and hold down a job. As many of these skills that can be provided to someone with a disability as possible will improve their quality of life and it is the job of a care taker or a staff member of a non-profit service to provide the assistance where there is a gap in skillset that cannot be independently accomplished.

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