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People are about to take their exam and their mind goes blank. They start to panic while taking their exam. The results of the exams come back and people are bewildered because they have spent hours upon hours studying for their exams, however, the score doesn’t correlate with the time they spent studying. It remains a mystery why the amount of hours a person spends studying doesn’t directly correlate to retaining the information they studied. Doug Rohrer and Harold Pashler studied this phenomenon in their research, which was detailed in their scientific paper, “Increasing Retention Without Increasing Study Time.” The scientific studies might help provide clarity and advice to college students who are pressed for time and need to find an effective way of studying. In Pashler and Rohrer’s scientific paper, they focus on two strategies of studying, overlearning and spacing of learning. Overlearning is the continuation of study even though the material studied has been mastered. Rohrer and Pashler measured their experiment by observing the effects of overlearning through different retention times. The participants were tested by memorizing a set of vocabulary words. The theory of overlearning was examined by running tests after the material was memorized. The time the test was administered varied from an hour after to a week after. The results of the experiment indicated that overlearning is useful in the short term, but declines rapidly in the long term (Rohrer and Pashler, 2008). The next theory Rohrer and Pashler tested was spacing of learning; this type of study technique entails studying for a certain amount of time over a certain number of days. Spacing of learning of studying allows a person to study over an amount of ti... ... middle of paper ... ...in. However, taking a break doesn’t mean extending the break time and not coming back to one’s study. A challenge that many college students face is studying efficiently and effectively. There are many distractions that keep a student from focusing on study such as social media, texting, and friends. In order to study effectively, a student needs to forgo all those distractions during their studies and focus. An efficient way to study is planning out what needs to be studied and when to study. Also, prioritize the most important topics that need to be studied for an exam, rather than trying to study non-relevant material that will not be covered. The most efficient and effective way to study for an exam is by looking over old exams if they are available. The most important factor in studying effectively and efficiently comes down to the determination of the student.

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