Studies show that treatment and crime prevention programs are more effective than incarceration. It is believed that the government is not willing to fix the main reasons why people commit crime, however instead, the government is constantly funding for prison construction which is extremely costly. Crime is defined as an illegal act that violates the law and is punishable upon conviction. (Criminal Justice and Legal Access Police Division). Any person who has been declared guilty of crime must be punished, as these punishments such as incarceration, costly fines or in some instances both.
If however, these communities are included in the community development programmes and receive proper representation from local and central government, then the attitude and mindset of these individuals can change. Incarceration serves as a deterrent to crime, however, incarceration alone cannot effectively solve crime. Therefore, the justice system needs to incorporate supplementary programmes to better help in the rehabilitation of inmates. These programmes should seek to tackle the root of the problem so as to lower the chances of that individual re-offending. For example, if an individual committed an offense while under the influence of drugs, enrolling that individual in a drug rehabilitation programme can reduce that individual's chances of re-offending.
If you never saw a criminal you would less likely become a criminal. Dr. C.R Jeffery suggests (Jeffery, 1965) “the case of crimi... ... middle of paper ... ...hat is a choice he/she makes with the help of environment or people.” The Labeling theory is greatly debated; the offender can change if given the opportunity. It has to start after the first crime is committed. (Willam R. Downs, 1997)”Control theory implies that social services will decrease levels of deviant behavior by strengthening the bond between the adolescent and society. Labeling theory implies the reverse, that the process of formal adjudication through the juvenile court will first stabilize and then increase levels of deviant behavior.
It is going to help identify whether enacting stricter laws and enforcing them helps in reducing the relate... ... middle of paper ... ... policies have to be able to effectively deal with the crime. The results of this study can be used to formulate policy in the state and in other states. The study plays an important role in understanding the nature of domestic violence, and how enforcement of stricter laws against it will affect its prevalence in the community. Works Cited Clarke, Ronald Situational Crime Prevention. New York: Sage, 2005.
What is important to understand in terms at the difference between the juvenile and adult system is that there is a level of dependency that is created tween the two and the juvenile system focuses on how to help rather than in prison individuals at such a young age. However, it usually depends on the type of crimes that have been committed and what those crimes me for the families and how they impact of the greater society. The adult system distinguishes between dependence and delinquency mainly because there was a psychological transition that occurs with juveniles that is not always a predictor of a cyclical life of crime. However, if an adult is committed to the justice system there can be a dependency of delinquency and a cycle of crime that is more likely to be sustained at that age and level of cognitive ability then in comparison to a juvenile. The reasoning behind this is important is that is focused on maintaining a level of attention to the needs and capacity abilities of individuals living and working in different types of societies (Zinn et al.,
These can all influence what the juvenile chooses to do in their free time; also if there is little to no parental supervision there is greater likelihood that these adolescents will engage in or be exposed to delinquent behaviors and situations that would put them more at risk. The third and final factor that influence their routine activities are the changes that have occurred socially and technologically. Some social changes are that parents work more therefore there is less supervision for adolescents, especially in single parent households, and... ... middle of paper ... ...are something that adolescents are more likely to do when they have more time away from supervision, for instance the weekends. This gives them time to do the drugs and then possibly be able to cover it up adequately enough to not get caught by anyone of authority. Where juveniles choose to do their routine activities contributes greatly to delinquency.
Restorative justice includes things such as victim- offender mediation, victim- offender panels or community sentencing. However, this movement needs support from the local community and it is important that the restitution helps the victim recover from the trauma the crime might have caused. Further restorative justice can not be applied to some crimes, such as rape (Allen, et al., 2015). Currently restorative justice is mostly used within the juvenile justice system, mostly due to the believe that juveniles have to be treated differently than adults when it comes to punishment for an offence. Restorative justice is often prefered to the traditional system, since the offenders are more likely to comply with the required restitutions and it helps incorporate them back into their communities (Hines, 2008).
It is important that the public feels safe, and that isn’t always the case when criminals are let out much sooner than what they should be, the public has the fear of being a victim of a re-offender or first time offender. Yet, you still need to look at the other side, where it is thought that we should not be getting any tougher on crime. There are also alternatives, such as getting smart of crime, or creating a tent city such as Sherriff Joe Arpaio has done. “Punitive sentencing appears to meaningfully reduce crime and re-imprisonment rates for sever offences” (Shaw, 2011). If we increase sentences it will prevent crime because people do not want to spend so much of their life behind bars.
In youth justice, there are many principles that are considered when young people break the law. Public protection is a principle that assesses and manages the risks of often violent and sexual offenders, to prevent future harm to the public. The government’s five-year strategy for protecting the public and reducing re-offending introduced in 2006, explains that children and young people should be kept out of prison if possible. Prison sentences should only be considered when there is a great threat to public protection. Some people would argue that public protection is the most important principle because if the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) act correctly, they can reduce the number of victims at the hands of a repeat offender.
Essay Plan: ACR101 Introducing Crime and Criminology Taking a ‘soft’ approach to young offenders will only make them worse – it is better to ‘scare them straight’ so that they desist from further offending. Critically discuss this statement with reference to Justice and Welfare approaches to common types of juvenile crime. Introduction - In this paper, the issues of soft and hard approach to juvenile criminals will be explained that will help the readers to understand which approach is the best to treat the young offenders. - It is better to treat the young offenders with strict punishments to scare them right away because this will make them understand about the severity of their crime. - However, leaving the young offenders with a soft approach will make them more likely to repeat their crimes.