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1. The philosophies of adult criminal justice system and juvenile justice system are different. The juvenile justice focuses on individual rehabilitation, whereas criminal justice system focuses on crime control and proportional punishment (Kurlycheck and Johnson, 2010). Considering this fact, we must exclude punitive measures from the system, and we must think over rehabilitative programs that will set things right. In answering the question, I will mention both structural and practical things that will help decrease delinquency in juvenile justice system as a part of criminal justice system in general. I recommend that local and state governments invest in school-based programs and after school programs as well as other evidence-based risk-targeted programs to reduce the problem.
The rationale of the use of special program stems from the routine activity theory (Cohen and Felson, 1979). According the theory crime occurs when a suitable target, a motivated offender, and the lack of guardian converge in time and space. Also, situations they encounter in their daily lives influence their victimization chances. In line with the theory, after school programs target unstructured and unsupervised peer time, through reducing potential opportunities to commit delinquency. Criminological evidence indicate that youth who engage in unstructured and unsupervised socializing are more likely to be in delinquent actions (Cross, et a;, 2009). The link between unsupervised socializing and antisocial behaviors is clear. One can easily argue that the more time spent in unstructured and unsupervised socializing, the more deviance can be expected. Peer time becomes juveniles` routine activity after school. Therefore, structured and supervi...

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...es. However, I do not think that this is the case. Probably, the abolition supporters think that it is more costly. But, devising a more professional strategy that will facilitate wrong-doers` rehabilitation both physically and psychologically is the issue that needs to be negotiated.
Equally important, the abolition supporters may claim that there are increasing number of juvenile delinquents and they need to be transferred to adult courts because of necessity. Actually, courts are the rear-end of the crime process. Finding reasons, contextual factors, and risk factors that is conducive to crime are more important, and if we address this roots problems, these numbers will dwindle. However, we will still need a special court with special skills on juveniles that can assign an appropriate sanction and understand their criminal tendencies even the numbers are low.
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