common

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At the beginning of the twentieth century a classical perspective was used to evaluate crime at which crime was believed to be achieved by any human. The theory of crime then evolved into a positivists’ perspective which believed that humans only committed crimes due to special motive or compulsion that was traced to low social class or those in poverty. Because of these theories there was no room for those of wealth or high social status to commit a crime. In reaction to these theories it is believed that Edwin Sutherland devised the term white-collar crime in 1939 to change the course of criminology. The Association of Certified Fraud Examiners announced fraud accounts for $660 billion in corporate losses in America annually. (Bucy, 2008) This leads us to our next question. Who is the white-collar offender? This is the question that I will try to answer in the course of this paper, though no criminal can ever be completely categorized because even with statistics there will always be those oddball offenders. Edwin Sutherland characterized the white- collar offender as hav...

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