21 May 2014. "Medical Assistants : Occupational Outlook Handbook : U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics." U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. N.p., 2014. Web.
Genetic testing is basically the analysis of an individual’s DNA to determine if they are susceptible to certain diseases or are carriers which can lead to their offspring suffering from a genetic disorder. Genetic testing is able to do so by indicating if there are any abnormalities or mutations in a person’s chromosomes, genes, or proteins. According to the Genetics Home Reference which is a service of the U.S. National Library of Medicine, “more than 1,000 genetic tests are currently in use, and more are being developed (Genetics Home Reference, 2014).” There are three different categories of genetic testing which include gene tests, chromosomal tests, and biochemical tests. Gene tests, or molecular genetic tests, pinpoint any deviations or mutations in individual genes or short lengths of DNA and RNA that can lead to a genetic disorder. Chromosomal tests check for a genetic disorder by checking for larger genetic variations in whole chromosomes and long lengths of DNA.
Web. 03 Feb. 2014. "Choosing Your Medical Specialty." Http://www.ama-assn.org. AMA, n.d.
Medscape: Medscape Access. [online] Available at: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/432418-overview#aw2aab6b4 [Accessed 28 Apr. 2014]. Ibid. Ibid.