Beals’ Reflection and Analysis In the book Warriors Don’t Cry, Melba Beals was a heroine and a national symbol of hope for change. Beals and eight other students were brave enough to attend Little Rock Central High School, the highly segregated school in Arkansas in 1957. Despite the many objections from the segregationists and the Governor Faubus, the nine students were able to complete the school year. During the school year of 1957 – 1958, Melba and eight other African-American students received tremendous harassments from the Central High students, parents, administrators, and segregationists. Beals’ mother almost lost her, because she supported her daughter’s decision to attend Central High.
They had to be alert every second for the entire year in order to survive. These nine kids, also known as the Arkansas Nine, have showed the world that they can beat segregation. Nineteen hundred fifty seven was a horrible time in Little Rock, Arkansas. Segregationists were opposed to the blacks having any power and threw racial words at black people. There was a large lawsuit about integration in Little Rock in 1952 that wanted to have black students attend an all white school.
Beals begins her novel with how she almost died as a baby because the doctors at the white hospital didn’t give her the care she needed because she’s black. Throughout her childhood she always wondered why her people weren’t treated the same as white people-why they had to step off the side walk for whites, why she couldn’t ride the merry-go-round in the park, and why they had to sit in the balcony of Robinson Auditorium. On the day the Supreme Court passed the Brown v. Board of Education decision her teacher let them out of school earlier and told them to go straight home and not to walk alone. She got separated from the group and a white man approached her. He was about to rape her when Marissa, a girl who had previously bullied Melba, saved her from the man and got her home safe.
Throughout the mid 1900s, many African American citizens were still not secured equal rights within America. An example of this is shown in 1954, in Little Rock, Arkansas, when Arkansas's Governor Orval Faubus defied the ruling of the Supreme Court's decision to put an end to segregated schools ("Melba Patillo Beals"1). One person who strived to make a change, and end segregated schools was Melba Beals. She and eight other of her friends, (known as "The Little Rock 9"), attended an all white school, making a huge, progressive, step forward in the Civil Rights Movement. Beals faced angry, white, mobs discriminating against her, day by day, but still managed to find the courage to go to school everyday, thus making her a worthy hero in our society and in history.
Brown wanted to enroll his daughter (Linda Brown) into an all-white school, and she was rejected. They were represented by two of Thurgood Marshall’s assistants in court. When the case was took to the Court the Negro plaintiffs argument was: Segregation of White children in public schools has a detrimental effect upon the colored children. The impact is greater when it has the sanction of the law; for the policy of s... ... middle of paper ... ...nd educational system is a goal worth reaching. On the other side of the outcome people were enraged over schools segregating, President Dwight D. Eisenhower had to send troops into Arkansas in 1957.
i) Black Americans have tried to secure civil rights during 1945-63 in some very different ways with many different ideas and leaders. One way is legal action and another is peaceful protests. Legal changes- The NAACP or National Association for the Advancement of Colured People worked to change laws like the Jim Crow laws of the south. This organisation brought many cases to the Supreme Court one of which was the important Brown v The Board of Education of Topeka. The organisation through which Oliver Brown, a black local sued the city school board for not allowing his eight year old daughter to go to the near by school, forcing her to go to study much further away.
To get to her black elementary school each day, Linda had to trek a mile from her home through a railroad switch-yard, even though there was a white elementary school seven blocks away. Her father, Oliver Brown tried to enroll her in the white elementary but was rejected because of her race. After his daughters refusal into the school, Oliver reached out to McKinley Burnett, the head of Topeka’s branch of the NAACP. The NAACP jumped at the opportunity to help the Brown’s because they had long waited for a chance to challenge segregation in public schools. (Cozzens) The Bro... ... middle of paper ... ...ruled that they would monitor school boards until they showed plans towards full compliance and followed those plans.
This racism has now been transferred into schools across the country. To get an idea of where racism started in schools, we first have to look at the past. Just three years after the Brown vs. Board of Education ruling that segregated schools was unconstitutional, nine African American students enrolled in Little Rock Central High School. On their first day of high school, the nine students were forbidden to enter due to the fact the Arkansas National Guard was blocking the entrance to the school. The first day... ... middle of paper ... ...color of their skin, then America will have a huge problem on its hands.
The schools, stores, and housing areas were segregated. The now elementary school was the black school, and the high school was the white school. She went to the local primary school until they integrated the schools and graduated from Shaw High School, where her mother taught. Witnessing all the bad things that happened in Shaw, she decided she did not want to stay there all her life. She then went to attend college at Mississippi Valley State University where she met her husband.
Oliver Brown, an African American father, attempted to register his daughter Linda in an all-white public school in Topeka, Kansas; expectedly, he and his daughter were turned away. Brown immediately took the matter to court with the assistance of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). Rejected by the district court, the case was taken up to the Supreme Court. The attack on segregation was based upon the clauses of the Fifth Amendment including the Due Process Clause. The case also considered the impact of the equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.