The Civil Rights is a very important time in American history. It all began when the African Americans became free from slavery. African Americans began to protest unjust laws and to promote equal rights. African Americans struggled for racial equality in the 1950’s to 1960’s. After the Civil War many southern states continued to treat African Americans as second class citizens.
Tracing all the way back to 1865, African Americans have struggled trying to establish equal rights and having the same privileges as white men. Several years went by before African Americans decided to take action and take a stand for their people. It wasn't until 1954 when the Civil Rights Movement took place and African Americans made an effort to move towards equality for all people, and to get rid of racism. The process was long, and required persistence and dedication, but the blacks were determined to achieve racial equality. The events that took place during the Civil Rights Movement were unjust and left a large impact on the African Americans.
The Black Panther Party were an African American organization that formed in 1966 to try to end racism and inequality for all black people. They were a help at the time and supported civil rights for African Americans, but used more violence to support their cause. They fought for freedom for all discriminated black people. Then later on, new Black Panther Party’s formed to support their original cause. Before the Black Panthers, slavery just ended, and there was a civil rights movement going on.
African Americans believed that they were finally getting their chance at equality, but unfortunately white supremacy quickly became apparent. The legal segregation of African Americans from whites in transportation, education, businesses restaurants, public restrooms and other public places became known as Jim Crow Laws. After decades of inequality, the Civil Rights era erupted in the 1950s and African Americans began to demand equal treatment. The Civil Rights Era brought on various social movements in the south and north, as well as legislative decisions that pushed for a truly equal nation. The era of Civil Rights brought on strong resistance to oppression and eventually helped diminish Jim Crow laws.
In order for them to achieve this, the white southerners came up with the Jim Crow laws to prevent the African Americans from achieving their god given right of being free and equal. This did not end the African hope of becoming equal. After many years of mistreatment, African Americans knew that change in society was necessary. The members of the black population have been enslaved, beaten, abused, neglected and just taken advantage of, since the end of the civil war, even into present times, African Americans have struggled for equality and rights that white Americans often take for granted. Arguably, no post-war struggle was larger or more significant than the movement to eliminate the Jim Crow laws from existence in the South.
This happened because of the separate but equal law created 60 years earlier in the Plessey vs. Ferguson case when Plessey lost and created separate but equal laws. Separate but equal separates black people from white people in different places such as restaurants, bathrooms, and buses but they get “equal rights”. This was one of the many things that helped to start the civil rights movement. The case was later over ruled. On December 1, 1955 Rosa parks got arrested by the police in Montgomery because people thought she violated the segregation.
In the 1950’s, black people were protesting for their civil rights, because of the “Plessy vs. Ferguson” case in 1896. In this case, the term “separate but equal” was put into effect. This meant segregation between blacks and whites could happen legally. Due to “Plessy vs. Ferguson” case, the “Jim Crow” laws were firmly cemented by the highest court. These laws called for racial segregation and discrimination throughout the United States, during the late 1800’s through to the 1960’s.
Nonviolence was the most effective method in bringing social change in America during the 1960s Civil Rights Movement because it attracted sympathy towards Black people, provoked positive media attention, and promoted unity among African Americans. The use of violence during the Civil Rights Movement proved to be ineffective because it furthered social tensions between Whites and Blacks. The people who generated violence were mainly the Black Panthers advocating Black Power. Black Power called for nationality, unity, self-pride, self-defense and the separation from the White race (Blumberg 9). The idea of separation of the White race competed with integration since Black Power wanted “African Americans to establish their own ... ... middle of paper ... ... Smith.
The civil rights movement no longer needed to prove segregation was unconstitutional but now needed to fight to have it enforced. The Cold War also showed America that although they claimed theirs was the land of the free, in fact almost every black in America had been racially persecuted; this realisation meant that the civil rights movement gained more support from whites as well as blacks. Now leaders like King, and Malcolm X in the later years of his life, needed to apply pressure to ensure blacks gained their rights and both lost their lives for this fight.
In other words, most of the civil right leaders were African Americans who wanted to stop segregation and have equal rights. Therefore, African Americans listened to civil right leaders, because their courage and knowledge helped African Americans during the civil right movement. Martin Luther King Jr. made African Americans aware that changes needed to be made when it came to segregation laws. Segregation was a way for white society to separate themselves from African Americans. Segregation dehumanized African Americans, because they were always treated like outcast.