While Hidalgo was marching into Mexico City, Jose Morelos organized an attack force and began raiding Spanish plantations and towns. Hidalgo’s army was defeated in 1811 and he was executed. Jose Morelos took control of the revolution and led attacks until the Spaniards captured and killed him in 1815. When Morelos died so did the revolution of 1810. ( www.tamu.edu/ccbn/dewitt/mexicanrev.htm, Encarta 98) In 1876, Porfirio Diaz, an Indian general in the Mexican Army took control of the nation, and continued to be elected until 1910.
Victory, however, was short lived. Within a year, France had successfully conquered Puebla and the rest of Mexico, and went on ruling there until 1867 when Juarez was once again restored to power. He ruled the country until his death in 1872. Cinco de Mayo, therefore, does not celebrate Mexico's independence, rather it symbolizes "the right of the people to self determination and national sovereignty, and the ability of non-Europeans to defend those rights against modern military organizations.
The 187 Texas rebels fought off Santa Anna’s repeated attacks, but on March 6, the Mexican troops finally overran the fort. Santa Anna’s troops, who suffered over 1,500 casualties, paid a large price for their victory. Not to mention that 6 weeks later the Texas army came back killing over 630 Mexicans within 20 minutes and taking their only general, Santa Anna as prisoner. Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna strongly believed that the percentage of Mexicans should be the dominant population. When he found out that the non-Mexicans highly out numbered the Mexicans, he rushed to tighten the control, and close the borders over Texas.
However, America continued to win by working their way along into the Northern Theater of Mexico upon September of 1846 at the Battle of Monterrey where sixty-five thousand American troops under General Taylor forced five thousand Mexican troops under General Pedro Ampudia to parlay surrender. President Polk didn’t like Taylor’s move to allow for surrender at Monterrey and so he turned command of his forces over to one General Winfield Scott and left Taylor back towards the Rio Grande. By February of 1847, General Santa Anna of Mexico had broken the American line at the Battle of Buena Vista where three-thousand four-hundred Mexicans were killed and six-hundred fifty Americans were killed. Seeing General Santa Anna and his forces in disarray, President Polk dispatched Nicholas Trist of his State Department in March of 1847 to create a peace treaty with Mexico. Come September of 1847, General Santa Anna and Mexico had failed therefore General Scott had led a victorious army into the Mexican capital, Mexico City, where Santa Anna quit from his office of President.
This left the country unable to pay back the many foreign debts that had accumulated over the years, and as a result, gave way to the invasion of English, Spanish, and French troops into Mexico. Within a year, English and Spanish troops withdrew after civil negotiations, but Napoleon III of France decided to take this opportunity to establish a Latin empire that would further progress the nation’s tyrannical regime. By late 1861, a well-armed French fleet stormed the port city of Veracruz, landing a large French force that drove the Mexicans into retreat. Moving on to the capital of Mexico City, the French sought to obliterate any Mexican resistance, taking over Mexico City and thus the country. Upon getting to the small town of Puebla, however, the well-armed, well-trained French soldiery encountered heavy resistance.
The final assault on the Alamo was brutal. The Mexicans numbered several thousand while there were only one hundred and eighty-two Texans. This historic event allowed spreading of independence, formation of a revolutionary government and the drafting of a constitution. If Santa Anna had struck the Texan settlements immediately, he might have disrupted the proceedings and driven all insurgents across the Sabine River (Survivor
Control in the country was mainly localized and ripe with corruption. The decentralized and ineffective central control spurred revolts in California. Mexico hoped to improve their situation through better relations with The United States. Mexico invited American pioneers to live in the Texas region in hope of stabilizing the border with... ... middle of paper ... ...ress was meant to dupe them into declaring war by insinuating the American soldiers suffered an unprovoked attack on American soil (W. W. Morton & Company). Surprisingly, Polk’s scheme to defeat the Mexicans allowed the United States to attain all Mexican territory north of the Rio Grande to include California which Polk had been coveting.
Santa Anna’s first mistake was his decision to go to Texas with 10,000 men behind him with no intention of mercy. Once Santa Anna rode across the Rio Grande river, he immediately went into battle. Santa Anna defeated the Texicans at the Battle of Alamo. Every Texican soldier who survived the battle were sent to execution, a tactic Santa Anna likely picked up from h is training with General Joaquin Arrendondo as a boy (Mckeehan). After the massacre, Santa Anna felt as though his job in Texas was done but wanted to take one final swipe at the Texicans – a detrimental mistake.
The 5th of May is not Mexican Independence Day, but it should be! And Cinco de Mayo is not an American holiday, but it should be. Mexico declared its independence from mother Spain on midnight, the 15th of September, 1810. And it took 11 years before the first Spanish soldiers were told and forced to leave Mexico. So, why Cinco de Mayo?
He was the one who wanted to invade France so he could make Mexico an empire. The French army invaded Mexico late in 1861. President Juarez and the government went into hiding because of the French army. The French was certain then that they would win so, they sent in 6,000 of their troops to Puebla de Los Angeles lead by General Charles Latrille de Lorencez. When the President of Mexico heard about tha... ... middle of paper ... ...an alcohol like margaritas, sangria, Corona and Dos Equis.