There is an alarming rise in childhood obesity throughout the United States, making it an epidemic in our country. Obesity has become a threat to the health of many children. Childhood obesity has more than doubled in children and quadrupled in adolescents in the past 30 years. The percentage of children aged 6–11 years in the United States who were obese increased from 7% in 1980 to nearly 18% in 2012. Similarly, the percentage of adolescents aged 12–19 years who were obese increased from 5% to nearly 21% over the same period.
This paper will address the causes and some solutions to childhood obesity. During the past 30 years, childhood obesity in the United States has more than doubled in children ages 2 to5 years old. Childhood obesity has more than tripled among 6 to 11 year olds and doubled in children aged 12 to19 years old. According to Jain (2004), the term obese is avoided because of its considerable negative connotations and fear of the stigma that accompanies the label. As a result, the term “overweight” is used to describe a child whose body mass index is above the 95th percentile for his or her age and sex.
Obesity is a threat to our nation’s health. Adolescents are the fastest growing population as it relates to this epidemic. In addition, the obesity epidemic is a big contributor to the skyrocketing health care costs in the United States and is a major risk factor a... ... middle of paper ... ...s/data/hestat/obesity_child_07_08/obesity_child_07_08.htm Steinbeck, K., Baur, L., Cowell, C., & Pietrobelli, A. (2009). Clinical research in adolescents: Challenges and opportunities using obesity as a model.
Obesity has increased drastically in today’s society. Alarmingly, present day generations show childhood obesity to be a growing crisis. Viewed as an epidemic, childhood obesity is sweeping across the United States and creating a public health crisis (Henry). Obesity in young children is contributed by different factors. Many are based off of lifestyles and peer pressure in schools and in households.
Over the last 20 years, the prevalence of obesity and overweight has increased at an alarming rate not only in developed countries, but around the world (Worobey, 2006, chap.15). The increase in obesity prevalence has led the World Health Organization (WHO) to recently refer to a ‘global epidemic’ to describe the obesity issue (Tremblay & Doucet, 2000). I explained the prevalence of obesity in two levels: worldwide and Iran. 126.96.36.199 Worldwide According to a fact sheet published by WHO (2006) and the latest estimates from the International Obesity Taskforce (Taskforce, 2010) approximately 155 million school-aged children are currently overweight or obese worldwide. Countries in all over the world have experienced a considerable increase in the prevalence of overweight and obese children and adolescents in the past three decades (Bundred, Kitchiner, & Buchan, 2001; Ramachandran, et al., 2002; Baratta, Degano, Leonardi, Vigneri, & Frittitta, 2006; WHO, 2003).
Obesity is a major life hazard because it can lead to major health hazards.”70% of obese children had at least 1 risk factor for cardiovascular disease.” (Bellows and Roach, 2010) Children with obesity if not helped early ... ... middle of paper ... ...e healthier the child can be. Works Cited L. Bellows and J. Roach “Childhood Overweight” www.ext.colostate.edu 2011 Colorado State University January 7, 2001 National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion “Health Topics: Childhood Obesity” www.cdc.or 2010 CDC June 3, 2010 Franks, Paul Ph.D, Hanson, Robert “Childhood Obesity, Other Cardiovascular Risk Factors, and Premature Death” New England Medical Journal February 1, 2011 Dehghan, Mahshid also Akhtar-Danesh, Noori and Merchant, Anwar T “Childhood Obesity, Prevalence and Prevention” Nutrition Journal December 20, 2010 Johnsen Ginny RD, LD, CLT Email Interview Raimo Adrienne RD, LD, Certified Holistic Health Practitioner Email Interview
Obesity has been around for many years but has always been known to be an adult issue. Sadly obesity has now been discovered in children and has become one of the deadliest issues America faces. Childhood obesity has tripled within the past three decades and one in three children in the United States is considered to be obese. Overweight and obese children are at risk of developing high cholesterol, hypertension, respiratory ailments, orthopedic problems, depression and type 2 diabetes. According to Ashford library studies reveals that “40% of obese children and 70% of obese adolescents will become obese adults”.
Childhood obesity is a consequential medical condition that effects the youth and adolescence of society. This disorder creates health problems that were once only seen in adults, such as diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. Although childhood obesity is a world wide issue, the percentage of overweight children differs, especially throughout the United States. Today, the greatest population suffering from this disease are African American children who reside in the southern part of the country. Parents, as well as children, continue to support unhealthy lifestyles even though they are well aware of the life-threatening diseases caused by obesity.
More disturbing is the prevalence of childhood obesity, which has jumped dramatically over the past 20 years and now accounts for a doubling in the incidence of diabetes, a 5-fold increase in sleep apnoea and a 3-fold increase in gall bladder disease. The World Health Organization and the US Surgeon General have already warned that obesity is a serious, life-threatening disease. Indeed, as a major risk factor for hypertension, stroke, heart disease, diabetes and possibly certain forms of cancer, obesity exacts a greater toll on health and healthcare costs than either smoking or drinking. In the USA alone, the direct medical costs of obesity-related diseases account for 6% of the nation’s entire health-care budget. Obesity is, in short, a great deal more than a ‘lifestyle’ or cosmetic problem.
Childhood Obesity Statement of Problem Childhood and adolescent obesity is a problem of significant concern. Whether obese or at risk, excessive fat is based on the ratio of weight to height, age, and gender of the individual (Ul-Haq, Mackay, Fenwick, & Pell, 2013). Today’s youth are considered the most inactive generation in history thus, childhood and adolescent obesity is more prevalent than ever before. The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) documents the obesity rate in children ages 6-11 in 2012 at 18% (an increase from seven percent in 1980), and adolescents at 21% (an increase from five percent in 1980). The obesity rate in children has more than doubled and quadrupled in adolescents over a 30-year period (CDC, n.d).