Severe neglect is child abuse that often goes unnoticed and is hard to reverse. By understanding the implications of neglect, we can intervene earlier in order to prevent severe cases from becoming irrevocable. Keywords: neglect, attachment, development Introduction Neglect affects every aspect of a child's life. From not being able to form secure attachments to difficulties in developing cognitive abilities. Neglect is defined as mistreatment in which the caregiver fails to provide appropriate care.
Children who are maltreated have signiﬁcantly poorer mental and physical health outcomes compared with the general child population (Ho). Some of the causes of child abuse are lack of parenting support and skills, a history of child abuse, mental illness, etc. The lack of parenting support could be the main reason why children most children experience physical abuse. He/she are in their learning stages and need to parent to correct them when they are wrong. Your child will make mistakes along the way.
Infant and Toddler Neglect Out of all different forms of abuse, infants and toddlers are more likely to suffer from neglect (Connell and Scannapieco, 2006). Severe consequences to children are the after effect of them suffering from neglect (Connell and Scannapieco, 2006). 71 % of children that are reported endure neglect based on CPS findings (Nicklas and Mackenzie, 2012) and one fourth of the children abused are less than 4 years old (Malik, Lederman, Crowson, and Osofsky, 2002). Neglect, a passive form of abuse, can cause detrimental effects physically, emotionally, mentally, behaviorally, and relationally to both infants and toddlers. Physical Failure to thrive is a negative physical outcome cause by neglect.
Two of the leading studies conducted on the subject compared characteristics of sexually abuse, physically abused, and neglected school-age children (Kurtz,Gaudin, Wodarski,&Howing, 1993;Eckenrode,Laird,&Doris, 1993). Children who experienced physical abuse show significant problems related to school. Their abilities fell short in all academic subjects but two areas that show the most effect were mathematics and use of language. They seemed to be unmotivated and underachieving. In later years they were also more likely to drop out from school.
Generally speaking it seems there is confusion in regards of the terms of abuse and neglect. According to the “Child Neglect: A Guide for Prevention, Assessment and Intervention chapter 2” neglect is the most common type of child maltreatment in the United States. Neglect could be defined to the failure of providing for the basic needs or care of a person. Unfortunately society has minimized the effects neglect and many adults give less important of attention to this type of abuse in children. The effects of neglect can be just as damaging as the effects of other types of abuse on children and especially on those whose brains are in the early stages of development.
Neglect in children often has more dire consequences than other types of child abuse (DePanfilis, Children’s Bureau, & Office on Child Abuse & Neglect, 2006). One consequence especially prevalent in neglected children is insecure or lack of attachment to a primary caregiver. John Bowlby’s research has shown the evolutionary importance of infant attachments, further research shows that infant attachment styles carry over into adulthood (Levine & Heller, 2011). Neglected children showed disturbed attachments that manifest into developmental delays and behavioral problems. Through treatment neglected children aim to learn how to create secure attachments (Hardy, 2007).
which is one of the many forms of neglect that happens the most. Physical neglect is one of the most prevalent causes of maltreatment in the world. Physical neglect happens when the caregiver or parent are not providing the child with the things they need such as a roof over their heads, food, and clothing. Not providing these things has a result of endangering the child’s health, well-being, development and growth. Physical neglect also includes not being there for the child such as non-supervision, child abandonment, and rejecting the child from home and not being able to provide safety , physical , and emotional needs.
The effects of exposure can vary from direct effects such as behavioral and developmental issues to interpersonal relationships, all of which lead to detrimental prospects on the child’s development. This paper will explore those effects and how it affects children. Exposure to violence in the first years of life brings about helplessness and terror which can be attributed to the lack of protection received by the parent. The child can no longer trust their parent as a protector (Lieberman 2007). This lack of trust early in life can bring about serious problems later in life, as there is no resolution to the first psychosocial crisis, trust vs. mistrust.
Child abuse has been found to have bad effects on the lives of the abused victims. Psychology shows that children who are physically abused tend to develop some aggressive behaviors towards themselves and their surroundings, and children who suffer from emotional abuse tend to build unhealthy relationship in their adulthood. Many children grow up with no proper care from parents and this can make them dangerous to themselves and the society. The purpose of this essay is to explain the problems the abused victims are faced with and how child maltreatment can be prevented. Research performed by some authors has also shown that children who are abused have the tendency of becoming abusive parents themselves.
416). It is easy to see how a person suffering from these biological abnormalities would exhibit the symptoms of BPD. The psychodynamic approach to understanding BPD cites need that are not met in childhood. In this theory, the caregiver is inconsistent. This inconsistency results in the child not being able to feel secure in the relationship (Boag, 2014).